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More Than a School...A Philosophy of Life.

Guide Dog Protection Laws in the United States

Update: The Guide Dog User Survey Results are now available below. Our deepest gratitude to all who participated to help us better understand the gravity of this problem.

Guide dog protection laws, where they do exist, vary greatly from state to state. These laws offer a range of criminal or civil provisions that protect guide dog teams from interference and/or attacks by a person and/or another dog. Restitution is also included in some of these laws.

For your convenience, The Seeing Eye® Advocacy Council has compiled all of the U.S. guide dog protection laws below. If you would like more information or assistance with enacting or strengthening the laws in your state, please visit:

We also provide helpful information for:

Please note that other more general protections may be available through state or local animal cruelty laws or dog-bite statutes.

Please select your state from the list below to jump to that state's laws. Each states listing has a link at the bottom to click and return to the top of this page. If your state is not listed, there may be no official laws related to guide dog protection at this point. Contact your local law enforcement agency for more information.

Alaska
Arizona
Arkansas
California
Colorado
Connecticut
Delaware
Florida
Georgia
Hawaii
Idaho
Illinois
Indiana
Kansas
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Massachusetts
Michigan
Minnesota
Mississippi
Missouri
Nebraska
Nevada
New Hampshire
New Jersey
New Mexico
New York
North Carolina
North Dakota
Ohio
Oklahoma
Oregon
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
South Dakota
Tennessee
Texas
Utah
Vermont
Virginia
Washington
Wisconsin
Wyoming


Alaska

Title 11. Criminal Law
Chapter 76. Miscellaneous Offenses

§ 11.76.130. Interference with rights of physically or mentally challenged person

(a) A person commits the crime of interference with the rights of a physically or mentally challenged person if the person intentionally prevents or restricts
(1) a physically or mentally challenged person from having full and free pedestrian use of a street, highway, sidewalk, walkway, or other thoroughfare to the same extent that any other person has a right to pedestrian use; or
(2) a physically or mentally challenged person from being accompanied or assisted by a certified service animal, without an extra charge for the service animal, in a common carrier, place of public accommodation, or other place to which the general public is invited except as provided in (b) of this section.
(b) A physically or mentally challenged person who is accompanied or assisted by a certified service animal in a common carrier, place of public accommodation, or other place to which the general public is invited is liable for property damage done by the animal.
(c) In this section,
(1) “certified service animal” means an animal trained to assist a physically or mentally challenged person and certified by a school or training facility for service animals as having completed such training;
(2) “physically or mentally challenged” means physically or mentally disabled, as defined in AS 18.80.300.
(d) Interference with the rights of a physically or mentally challenged person is a class B misdemeanor.

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Arizona

Title 13. Criminal Code
CHAPTER 29. OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC ORDER

§ 13-2910. Cruelty to animals; interference with working or service animal; classification; definitions

A. A person commits cruelty to animals if the person does any of the following:
1. Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly subjects any animal under the person's custody or control to cruel neglect or abandonment.
2. Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly fails to provide medical attention necessary to prevent protracted suffering to any animal under the person's custody or control.
3. Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly inflicts unnecessary physical injury to any animal.
4. Recklessly subjects any animal to cruel mistreatment.
5. Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly kills any animal under the custody or control of another person without either legal privilege or consent of the owner.
6. Recklessly interferes with, kills or harms a working or service animal without either legal privilege or consent of the owner.
7. Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly leaves an animal unattended and confined in a motor vehicle and physical injury to or death of the animal is likely to result.
8. Intentionally or knowingly subjects any animal under the person's custody or control to cruel neglect or abandonment that results in serious physical injury to the animal.
9. Intentionally or knowingly subjects any animal to cruel mistreatment.
10. Intentionally or knowingly interferes with, kills or harms a working or service animal without either legal privilege or consent of the owner.
11. Intentionally or knowingly allows any dog that is under the person's custody or control to interfere with, kill or cause physical injury to a service animal.
12. Recklessly allows any dog that is under the person's custody or control to interfere with, kill or cause physical injury to a service animal.
13. Intentionally or knowingly obtains or exerts unauthorized control over a service animal with the intent to deprive the service animal handler of the service animal.
B. It is a defense to subsection A of this section if:
1. Any person exposes poison to be taken by a dog that has killed or wounded livestock or poison to be taken by predatory animals on premises owned, leased or controlled by the person for the purpose of protecting the person or the person's livestock or poultry, and the treated property is kept posted by the person who authorized or performed the treatment until the poison has been removed, and the poison is removed by the person exposing the poison after the threat to the person, or the person's livestock or poultry has ceased to exist. The posting required shall provide adequate warning to persons who enter the property by the point or points of normal entry. The warning notice that is posted shall be readable at a distance of fifty feet, shall contain a poison statement and symbol and shall state the word "danger" or "warning".
2. Any person uses poisons in and immediately around buildings owned, leased or controlled by the person for the purpose of controlling wild and domestic rodents as otherwise allowed by the laws of the state, excluding any fur-bearing animals as defined in § 17-101.
C. This section does not prohibit or restrict:
1. The taking of wildlife or other activities permitted by or pursuant to title 17. [FN1]
2. Activities permitted by or pursuant to title
3. [FN2] 3. Activities regulated by the Arizona game and fish department or the Arizona department of agriculture.
D. A peace officer, animal control enforcement agent or animal control enforcement deputy may use reasonable force to open a vehicle to rescue an animal if the animal is left in the vehicle as prescribed in subsection A, paragraph 7 of this section.
E. A person who is convicted of a violation of subsection A, paragraph 6 or 10 of this section is liable as follows:
1. If the working or service animal was killed or disabled, to the owner or agency that owns the working or service animal and that employs the handler or to the owner or handler for the replacement and training costs of the working or service animal and for any veterinary bills.
2. To the owner or agency that owns a working or service animal for the salary of the handler for the period of time that the handler's services are lost to the owner or agency.
3. To the owner for the owner's contractual losses with the agency.
F. An incorporated city or town or a county may adopt an ordinance with misdemeanor provisions at least as stringent as the misdemeanor provisions of this section.
G. A person who violates subsection A, paragraph 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 or 12 of this section is guilty of a class 1 misdemeanor. A person who violates subsection A, paragraph 8, 9, 10, 11 or 13 of this section is guilty of a class 6 felony.
H. For the purposes of this section:
1. "Animal" means a mammal, bird, reptile or amphibian.
2. "Cruel mistreatment" means to torture or otherwise inflict unnecessary serious physical injury upon an animal or to kill an animal in a manner that causes protracted suffering to the animal.
3. "Cruel neglect" means to fail to provide an animal with necessary food, water or shelter.
4. "Handler" means a law enforcement officer or any other person who has successfully completed a course of training prescribed by the person's agency or the service animal owner and who used a specially trained animal under the direction of the person's agency or the service animal owner.
5. "Service animal" means an animal that has completed a formal training program, that assists its owner in one or more daily living tasks that are associated with a productive lifestyle and that is trained to not pose a danger to the health and safety of the general public.
6. "Working animal" means a horse or dog that is used by a law enforcement agency, that is specially trained for law enforcement work and that is under the control of a handler.

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Arkansas

TITLE 20. PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
SUBTITLE 2. HEALTH AND SAFETY
CHAPTER 14. DISABLED PERSONS
SUBCHAPTER 3. RIGHTS GENERALLY

§ 20-14-304. Right to be accompanied by service animal; penalty and restitution for killing or injuring a service animal or search and rescue dog.

(a) Every visually handicapped, hearing impaired, or other physically disabled person shall have the right to be accompanied by a service animal especially trained to do work or to perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability in or upon any and all public ways, public places, and other public accommodations and housing accommodations prescribed in § 20-14-303 and shall not be required to pay any extra fee or charge for the service animal.
(b) However, any visually handicapped, hearing impaired, or other physically disabled person accompanied by a service animal in any public way, public place, public accommodation, or housing accommodation shall be liable for any damage caused to the premises or facilities by the animal.
(c) As used in this section, "search and rescue dog" means any dog:
(1) In training for or trained for the purpose of search and rescue;
(2) Owned by an independent handler or a member of a search and rescue team; and
(3) Used in conjunction with local law enforcement or emergency services organizations for the purpose of locating missing persons or evidence of arson.
(d) Any person who without just cause purposely kills or injures any service animal described in this section or any search and rescue dog is guilty of a Class D felony.
(e) Any person who kills or injures any service animal described in this section or any search and rescue dog shall make restitution to the owner of the animal.

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California

Penal Code (Refs & Annos)
Part 1. Of Crimes and Punishments
Title 9. Of Crimes Against the Person Involving Sexual Assault, and Crimes Against Public Decency and Good Morals (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 12. Other Injuries to Persons (Refs & Annos)

§ 365.6. Interference, harassment or obstruction of guide, signal, or service dog user or mobility aid user or guide, signal, or service dog; definitions; offense; punishment

(a) Any person who, with no legal justification, intentionally interferes with the use of a guide, signal, or service dog or mobility aid by harassing or obstructing the guide, signal, or service dog or mobility aid user or his or her guide, signal, or service dog, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding six months, or by a fine of not less than one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500) nor more than two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500), or both that fine and imprisonment.
(b) As used in this section, the following definitions shall apply:
(1) “Mobility aid” means any device enabling a person with a disability, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 54 of the Civil Code, to travel independently, including, but not limited to, a guide, signal, or service dog, as defined in Section 54.1 of the Civil Code, a wheelchair, walker or white cane.
(2) “Guide, signal, or service dog” means any dog trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability, including, but not limited to, guiding individuals with impaired vision, alerting individuals with impaired hearing to intruders or sounds, pulling a wheelchair, or fetching dropped items.
(c) Nothing in this section is intended to affect any civil remedies available for a violation of this section.

Penal Code (Refs & Annos)
Part 1. Of Crimes and Punishments
Title 14. Malicious Mischief (Refs & Annos)

§ 600.2. Allowing dog to injure or kill guide, signal or service dog; punishment; restitution

(a) It is a crime for any person to permit any dog which is owned, harbored, or controlled by him or her to cause injury to or the death of any guide, signal, or service dog, as defined by Section 54.1 of the Civil Code, while the guide, signal, or service dog is in discharge of its duties.
(b) A violation of this section is an infraction punishable by a fine not to exceed two hundred fifty dollars ($250) if the injury or death to any guide, signal, or service dog is caused by the person's failure to exercise ordinary care in the control of his or her dog.
(c) A violation of this section is a misdemeanor if the injury or death to any guide, signal, or service dog is caused by the person's reckless disregard in the exercise of control over his or her dog, under circumstances that constitute such a departure from the conduct of a reasonable person as to be incompatible with a proper regard for the safety and life of any guide, signal, or service dog. A violation of this subdivision shall be punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine of not less than two thousand five hundred dollars ($2,500) nor more than five thousand dollars ($5,000), or both. The court shall consider the costs ordered pursuant to subdivision (d) when determining the amount of any fines.
(d) In any case in which a defendant is convicted of a violation of this section, the defendant shall be ordered to make restitution to the person with a disability who has custody or ownership of the guide, signal, or service dog for any veterinary bills and replacement costs of the dog if it is disabled or killed, or other reasonable costs deemed appropriate by the court. The costs ordered pursuant to this subdivision shall be paid prior to any fines.

§ 600.5. Intentional injury to, or death of, guide, signal or service dog; penalty; restitution

(a) Any person who intentionally causes injury to or the death of any guide, signal, or service dog, as defined by Section 54.1 of the Civil Code, while the dog is in discharge of its duties, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in a county jail not exceeding one year, or by a fine not exceeding ten thousand dollars ($10,000), or by both a fine and imprisonment. The court shall consider the costs ordered pursuant to subdivision (b) when determining the amount of any fines.
(b) In any case in which a defendant is convicted of a violation of this section, the defendant shall be ordered to make restitution to the person with a disability who has custody or ownership of the dog for any veterinary bills and replacement costs of the dog if it is disabled or killed, or other reasonable costs deemed appropriate by the court. The costs ordered pursuant to this subdivision shall be paid prior to any fines.

Penal Code (Refs & Annos)
Part 1. Of Crimes and Punishments
Title 11. Of Crimes Against the Public Peace

§ 417.27. Laser pointers; sale to persons 17 years of age or younger; possession on school premises; directing beam into someone's eyes; penalties for violations

(a) No person, corporation, firm, or business entity of any kind shall knowingly sell a laser pointer to a person 17 years of age or younger, unless he or she is accompanied and supervised by a parent, legal guardian, or any other adult 18 years of age or older.
(b) No student shall possess a laser pointer on any elementary or secondary school premises unless possession of a laser pointer on the elementary or secondary school premises is for a valid instructional or other school-related purpose, including employment.
(c) No person shall direct the beam from a laser pointer directly or indirectly into the eye or eyes of another person or into a moving vehicle with the intent to harass or annoy the other person or the occupants of the moving vehicle.
(d) No person shall direct the beam from a laser pointer directly or indirectly into the eye or eyes of a guide dog, signal dog, service dog, or dog being used by a peace officer with the intent to harass or annoy the animal.
(e) A violation of subdivision (a), (b), (c), or (d) shall be an infraction that is punished by either a fine of fifty dollars ($50) or four hours of community service, and a second or subsequent violation of any of these subdivisions shall be an infraction that is punished by either a fine of one hundred dollars ($100) or eight hours of community service.
(f) As used in this section, “laser pointer” has the same meaning as set forth in subdivision (c) of Section 417.25.
(g) As used in this section, “guide dog,” “signal dog,” and “service dog,” respectively, have the same meaning as set forth in subdivisions (d), (e), and (f) of Section 365.5.

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Colorado

Title 24. Government--State
Principal Departments
Article 34. Department of Regulatory Agencies
Part 8. Persons with Disabilities--Civil Rights (Refs & Annos)

§ 24-34-804. Violations--penalties

(1) It is unlawful for any person, firm, corporation, or agent of any person, firm, or corporation to: (a) Withhold, deny, deprive, or attempt to withhold, deny, or deprive any person with a disability or trainer of any of the rights or privileges secured in section 24-34-803; (b) Threaten to interfere with any of the rights of persons with disabilities or trainers secured in section 24-34-803; (c) Punish or attempt to punish any person with a disability or trainer for exercising or attempting to exercise any right or privilege secured by section 24-34-803; or (d) Interfere with, injure, or harm, or cause another dog to interfere with, injure, or harm, an assistance dog. (2) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (1) of this section commits a class 3 misdemeanor and shall be punished as provided in section 18-1.3-501, C.R.S. (3)(a) Any person who violates any provision of subsection (1) of this section shall be liable to the person with a disability or trainer whose rights were affected for actual damages for economic loss, to be recovered in a civil action in a court in the county where the infringement of rights occurred or where the defendant resides. (b) In any action commenced pursuant to this subsection (3), a court may award costs and reasonable attorney fees. (4) Nothing in this section is intended to interfere with remedies or relief that any person might be entitled to pursuant to parts 3 to 7 of this article.

Title 18. Criminal Code (Refs & Annos)
Article 13. Miscellaneous Offenses (Refs & Annos)

§ 18-13-107. Interference with persons with disabilities

(1) No person, except one wholly or partially blind, or wholly or partially deaf, or both wholly or partially blind and wholly or partially deaf, shall carry, hold, or use upon any street, highway, sidewalk, or any other public place a cane or walking stick which is white or white tipped with red or metallic in color or a leash blaze orange in color on any dog accompanying such person.
(2) Repealed by Laws 1982, S.B.31, § 4.
(3) No person shall beat, harass, intimidate, entice, distract, or otherwise interfere with any dog on a blaze orange leash or accompanying a person carrying a white or white tipped with red or metallic colored cane or walking stick or any assistance dog, as defined in section 24-34-803(7), C.R.S., accompanying a person when that dog is being controlled by or wearing a harness normally used for dogs accompanying or leading persons with disabilities.
(4) Violation of the provisions of subsection (1) of this section is a class 1 petty offense. Violation of the provisions of subsection (3) of this section is a class 3 misdemeanor.

TITLE 18. CRIMINAL CODE
ARTICLE 9. OFFENSES AGAINST PUBLIC PEACE, ORDER, AND DECENCY
PART 2. CRUELTY TO ANIMALS

C.R.S. 18-9-204.5 Unlawful ownership of dangerous dog

Summary: This Colorado statute is not specifically guide dog related but offers protection from a dangerous dog that has inflicted bodily or serious bodily injury upon or has caused the death of a person or domestic animal; or has demonstrated tendencies that would cause a reasonable person to believe that the dog may inflict injury upon or cause the death of any person or domestic animal. Owners found guilty under the provisions will be subject to misdemeanor penalties if their dogs cause bodily injury or felonies if their dogs cause the death of a person.

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Connecticut

Title 22. Agriculture. Domestic Animals
Chapter 435. Dogs and Other Companion Animals. Kennels and Pet Shops (Refs & Annos)

§ 22-364b. Control of dogs in proximity to guide dogs

The owner or keeper of a dog shall restrain and control such dog on a leash when such dog is not on the property of its owner or keeper and is in proximity to a blind, deaf or mobility impaired person accompanied by his guide dog, provided the guide dog is in the direct custody of such blind, deaf or mobility impaired person, is wearing a harness or an orange-colored leash and collar which makes it readily-identifiable as a guide dog and is licensed in accordance with section 22-345. Any person who violates the provisions of this section shall have committed an infraction. If an owner or keeper of a dog violates the provisions of this section and, as a result of such violation, such dog attacks and injures the guide dog, such owner or keeper shall be liable, as provided in section 22-357, for any damage done to such guide dog, and such liability shall include liability for any costs incurred by such blind, deaf or mobility-impaired person for the veterinary care, rehabilitation or replacement of the injured guide dog and for reasonable attorney's fees.

§ 22-357. Damage to person or property

If any dog does any damage to either the body or property of any person, the owner or keeper, or, if the owner or keeper is a minor, the parent or guardian of such minor, shall be liable for such damage, except when such damage has been occasioned to the body or property of a person who, at the time such damage was sustained, was committing a trespass or other tort, or was teasing, tormenting or abusing such dog. If a minor, on whose behalf an action under this section is brought, was under seven years of age at the time the damage was done, it shall be presumed that such minor was not committing a trespass or other tort, or teasing, tormenting or abusing such dog, and the burden of proof thereof shall be upon the defendant in such action.

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Delaware

Title 7. Conservation
Part I. Game, Wildlife and Dogs
Chapter 17. Dogs
Subchapter I. General Provisions

§ 1717. Unauthorized acts against a service, guide or seeing eye dog; penalties

(a) No person shall intentionally interfere with the use of a service, guide or seeing eye dog by obstructing, intimidating or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the user or animal. Whoever violates this subsection shall be guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
(b) No person shall intentionally injure or disable a service, guide or seeing eye dog being used by its owner. Whoever violates this subsection shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
(c) No person shall intentionally kill a service, guide or seeing eye dog owned by a private person or agency. Whoever violates this subsection shall be guilty of a class D felony. This subsection, however, does not apply to a law enforcement officer as defined by § 222 of Title 11 that is forced to take such action pursuant to the lawful performance of the officer's duties.
(d) No person shall intentionally steal, take or wrongfully obtain a service, guide or seeing eye dog owned by a private person or agency. Whoever violates this subsection shall be guilty of a class E felony.
(e) In any case where a person is convicted under subsection (a), (b), (c) or (d) of this section, that person shall also be ordered to make full restitution for all damages, including incidental and consequential expenses incurred by the service, guide or seeing eye dog owner and the dog which arise out of or are related to the criminal offense.

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Florida

Title XXX. Social Welfare (Chapters 409-434)
Chapter 413. Vocational Rehabilitation
Part I. Blind Services Program

§ 413.081. Interference with or injury to a service animal; penalties; restitution

(1) A person who, with reckless disregard, interferes with, or permits a dog that he or she owns or is in the immediate control of to interfere with, the use of a service animal by obstructing, intimidating, or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the service animal or its user commits a misdemeanor of the second degree for the first offense and a misdemeanor of the first degree for each subsequent offense, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(2) A person who, with reckless disregard, injures or kills, or permits a dog that he or she owns or is in the immediate control of to injure or kill, a service animal commits a misdemeanor of the first degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082 or s. 775.083.
(3) A person who intentionally injures or kills, or permits a dog that he or she owns or is in the immediate control of to injure or kill, a service animal commits a felony of the third degree, punishable as provided in s. 775.082, s. 775.083, or s. 775.084.
(4)(a) A person who is convicted of a violation of this section, in addition to any other penalty, must make full restitution for all damages that arise out of or are related to the offense, including incidental and consequential damages incurred by the service animal's user.
(b) Restitution includes the value of the service animal; replacement and training or retraining expenses for the service animal and the user; veterinary and other medical and boarding expenses for the service animal; medical expenses for the user; and lost wages or income incurred by the user during any period that the user is without the services of the service animal.

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Georgia

West's Code of Georgia Annotated Currentness.
Title 16. Crimes and Offenses.
Chapter 11. Offenses Against Public Order and Safety.
Article 4. Dangerous Instrumentalities and Practices.
Part 1. General Provisions.

§ 16-11-107.1. Harassment of assistance dog; penalties

(a) As used in this Code section, the term:
(1) "Assistance dog" means a dog that is or has been trained by a licensed or certified person, organization, or agency to perform physical tasks for a physically challenged person. Assistance dogs include guide or leader dogs that guide individuals who are legally blind; hearing dogs that alert individuals who are deaf or hard of hearing to specific sounds; and service dogs for individuals with disabilities other than blindness or deafness, which are trained to perform a variety of physical tasks, including, but not limited to, pulling a wheelchair, lending balance support, picking up dropped objects, or providing assistance in a medical crisis.
(2) "Harass" means to engage in any conduct directed toward an assistance dog that is knowingly likely to impede or interfere with the assistance dog's performance of its duties or that places the blind, deaf, or physically limited person being served or assisted by the dog in danger of injury.
(3) "Notice" means an oral or otherwise communicated warning proscribing the behavior of another person and a request that the person stop the particular behavior.
(b) Any person who knowingly and intentionally harasses or attempts to harass an assistance dog, knowing the dog to be an assistance dog, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 90 days or a fine not to exceed $500.00, or both.
(c) Any person who has received notice that his or her behavior is interfering with the use of an assistance dog who continues to knowingly and intentionally harass an assistance dog, knowing the dog to be an assistance dog, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 90 days or a fine not to exceed $500.00, or both, provided that any person who is convicted of a second or subsequent violation of this subsection shall be punished as for a misdemeanor of a high and aggravated nature.
(d) Any person who knowingly and intentionally allows his or her dog to harass an assistance dog, knowing the dog to be an assistance dog, shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction thereof, shall be punished by imprisonment for not less than 90 days or a fine not to exceed $500.00, or both, provided that any person who is convicted of a second or subsequent violation of this subsection shall be punished as for a misdemeanor of a high and aggravated nature.
(e) Any person who knowingly and intentionally allows his or her dog to cause death or physical harm to an assistance dog by rendering a part of the assistance dog's body useless or by seriously disfiguring the assistance dog, knowing the dog to be an assistance dog, shall be punished as for a misdemeanor of a high and aggravated nature.

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Hawaii

Division 5. Crimes and Criminal Proceedings
Title 37. Hawaii Penal Code
Chapter 711. Offenses Against Public Order (Refs & Annos)

§ 711-1109.4. Causing injury or death to a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal

(1) A person commits the offense of causing injury or death to a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal if:
(a) The person recklessly causes injury to or the death of any guide dog, signal dog, or service animal, while the dog is in the discharge of its duties; or
(b) The person is the owner of a dog and recklessly permits that dog to attack a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal while that dog is in the discharge of its duties, resulting in the injury or death of the guide dog, signal dog, or service animal.
(2) Any person who commits the offense of causing injury or death to a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal shall be punished as follows:
(a) For a first offense by a fine of not more than $2,000, imprisonment of not more than thirty days, or both; and
(b) For a second or subsequent offense by a fine of not more than $5,000, imprisonment of not more than thirty days, or both.
(3) Any person who is convicted of a violation of this section shall be ordered to make restitution to:
(a) The person with a disability who has custody or ownership of the guide dog, signal dog, or service animal, for any veterinary bills and out-of-pocket costs incurred as a result of the injury to the dog; and
(b) The person or organization that incurs the cost of retraining or replacing the animal, for the cost of retraining or replacing the animal if it is disabled or killed.
(4) As used in this section, “guide dog”, “signal dog”, and “service animal” shall have the same meaning as in section 515-3(8).

§ 711-1109.5. Intentional interference with the use of a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal

(1) A person commits the offense of intentional interference with the use of a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal if the person, with no legal justification, intentionally or knowingly:
(a) Harms a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal; or
(b) Strikes or kicks a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal; while the guide dog, signal dog, or service animal is in the discharge of its duties.
(2) Intentional interference with the use of a guide dog, signal dog, or service animal is a misdemeanor.
(3) Nothing in this section is intended to affect any civil remedies available for a violation of this section.
(4) As used in this section, “guide dog”, “signal dog”, and “service animal” shall have the same meaning as in section 515-3(8).

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Idaho

Title 18. Crimes and Punishments
Chapter 58. Public Health and Safety

§ 18-5811. Action required to avoid accident or injury to disabled person--Prohibited intentional actions--Penalties

(1) Any person, whether a pedestrian, operating a vehicle or otherwise, who approaches an individual appearing to be a disabled person or lawfully using an assistance device or assistance dog, and who:
(a) Intentionally fails to stop, change course, speak or take such other action as is necessary to avoid any accident or injury to the disabled person, the assistance device or dog, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six (6) months, or by a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both.
(b) Intentionally startles or frightens such person's dog, is guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six (6) months, or by a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than one thousand dollars ($1,000), or by both.
(2) Any person who, without justification, intentionally interferes with the use of an assistance dog or assistance device by obstructing, battering or intimidating the user or the dog, is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding six (6) months, or by a fine of not less than fifty dollars ($50.00) nor more than one thousand five hundred dollars ($1,500), or by both.

§ 18-5812. Battery to disabled persons and assistance dogs--Penalties

(1) Any person who:
(a) Permits any animal which is owned, harbored or controlled by him to cause injury to or the death of any assistance dog or dog-in-training, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(b) Intentionally causes injury to or the death of any assistance dog or dog-in-training is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one (1) year, or by a fine not exceeding five thousand dollars ($5,000), or by both.
(2) In addition to any other criminal or civil penalties provided for violation of this section, any person convicted under this section, regardless of the form of judgment, shall be ordered to make full restitution to the owner or custodian of such dog for all veterinary bills, replacement and other costs resulting from the injury or death of the dog.

Title 56. Public Assistance and Welfare
Chapter 7. Rights of Blind and Physically Handicapped Persons

§ 56-705. Civil liability for intentional violation of statutes protecting disabled persons

Civil action may be brought against any person intentionally violating the provisions of section 18-5811, 18-5811A, 18-5812 or 18-5812A, Idaho Code, with judgment awarded upon proof of the elements to a preponderance of the evidence. As a part of any such civil judgment, a successful plaintiff shall be awarded punitive damages in an amount equal to all other damages suffered by the plaintiff, but in no event less than five hundred dollars ($500). The failure of a disabled person to use an assistance device or assistance dog shall not be held to constitute nor be evidence of contributory negligence in any civil action.

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Illinois

Chapter 510. Animals
Act 70. Humane Care for Animals Act (Refs & Annos)
Sec. 4.03. Teasing, striking or tampering with police animals,service animals, or search and rescue dogs prohibited.

It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully and maliciously taunt, torment, tease, beat, strike, or administer or subject any desensitizing drugs, chemicals or substance to (i) any animal used by a law enforcement officer in the performance of his or her functions or duties, or when placed in confinement off duty, (ii) any service animal, (iii) any search and rescue dog, or (iv) any police, service, or search and rescue animal in training. It is unlawful for any person to interfere or meddle with (i) any animal used by a law enforcement department or agency or any handler thereof in the performance of the functions or duties of the department or agency, (ii) any service animal, (iii) any search and rescue dog, or (iv) any law enforcement, service, or search and rescue animal in training.

Any person convicted of violating this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation is a Class 4 felony.

§ 4.04. Injuring or killing police animals, service animals, or search and rescue dogs prohibited.

It shall be unlawful for any person to willfully or maliciously torture, mutilate, injure, disable, poison, or kill (i) any animal used by a law enforcement department or agency in the performance of the functions or duties of the department or agency or when placed in confinement off duty, (ii) any service animal, (iii) any search and rescue dog, or (iv) any law enforcement, service, or search and rescue animal in training. However, a police officer or veterinarian may perform euthanasia in emergency situations when delay would cause the animal undue suffering and pain.

A person convicted of violating this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony if the animal is not killed or totally disabled; if the animal is killed or totally disabled, the person is guilty of a Class 3 felony.

Chapter 510. Animals
Act 70. Humane Care for Animals Act (Refs & Annos)

(a) A person may not willfully and maliciously annoy, taunt, tease, harass, torment, beat, or strike a guide, hearing, or support dog or otherwise engage in any conduct directed toward a guide, hearing, or support dog that is likely to impede or interfere with the dog's performance of its duties or that places the blind, hearing impaired, or physically handicapped person being served or assisted by the dog in danger of injury.
(b) A person may not willfully and maliciously torture, injure, or kill a guide, hearing, or support dog.
(c) A person may not willfully and maliciously permit a dog that is owned, harbored, or controlled by the person to cause injury to or the death of a guide, hearing, or support dog while the guide, hearing, or support dog is in discharge of its duties.
(d) A person convicted of violating this Section is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. A second or subsequent violation is a Class 4 felony. A person convicted of violating subsection (b) or (c) of this Section is guilty of a Class 4 felony if the dog is killed or totally disabled, and may be ordered by the court to make restitution to the disabled person having custody or ownership of the dog for veterinary bills and replacement costs of the dog.

Chapter 720. Criminal Offenses
Offenses Against the Public
Act 630. Guide Dog Access Act
630/0.01. Short title

§ 13/10. Damages recoverable for harm or theft of assistance animal

(a) In addition to and not in lieu of any other penalty provided by State law, a physically impaired person who uses an assistance animal or the owner of an assistance animal may bring an action for economic and noneconomic damages against any person who steals or, without provocation, attacks the assistance animal or exposes the assistance animal to any chemical that is hazardous to the assistance animal; however, an action against a person for exposing an assistance animal to a chemical that is hazardous to the assistance animal may be brought under this Act only if the person against whom the action is brought knew or reasonably should have known that the assistance animal was present and that the chemical was hazardous to the assistance animal. The physically impaired person or owner may also bring an action for such damages against the owner of any animal that, without provocation, attacks an assistance animal. The action authorized by this subsection may be brought by the physically impaired person or owner even if the assistance animal was in the custody or under the supervision of another person when the theft, attack, or exposure occurred.
(b) If the theft of or unprovoked attack on an assistance animal or exposure of the assistance animal to any chemical that is hazardous to the assistance animal described in subsection (a) of this Section results in the death of the animal or the animal is not returned or if injuries sustained prevent the animal from returning to service as an assistance animal, the measure of economic damages shall include, but need not be limited to, the veterinary medical expenses and the replacement value of an equally trained assistance animal, without any differentiation for the age or the experience of the animal. In addition, the physically impaired person or owner may recover any other costs and expenses, including, but not limited to, costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another assistance animal or a person, incurred as a result of the theft of or injury to the animal.
(c) If the theft of or unprovoked attack on an assistance animal or exposure of the assistance animal to any chemical that is hazardous to the assistance animal described in subsection (a) of this Section results in injuries from which the animal recovers and returns to service, or if the animal is stolen but is recovered and returns to service, the measure of economic damages shall include, but need not be limited to, the veterinary medical expenses, costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another assistance animal or a person, and any other costs and expenses incurred by the physically impaired person or owner as a result of the theft of or injury to the animal.
(d) No cause of action arises under this Section if the physically impaired person, owner or the person having custody or supervision of the assistance animal was committing a criminal or civil trespass at the time of the theft of or attack on the assistance animal or exposure of the assistance animal to any chemical that is hazardous to the assistance animal.
(e) The court shall award reasonable attorney's fees to the prevailing plaintiff in an action under this Section. The court may award reasonable attorney's fees and expert witness fees incurred by a defendant who prevails in the action if the court determines that the plaintiff had no objectively reasonable basis for asserting a claim or no objectively reasonable basis for appealing an adverse decision of a trial court.

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Indiana

Title 35. Criminal Law and Procedure
Article 46. Miscellaneous Offenses
Chapter 3. Offenses Relating to Animals

§ 35-46-3-11.5 Interference with or mistreatment of service animal; defenses

Sec. 11.5. (a) As used in this section, “service animal” means an animal that a person who is impaired by:
(1) blindness or any other visual impairment;
(2) deafness or any other aural impairment;
(3) a physical disability; or
(4) a medical condition; relies on for navigation, assistance in performing daily activities, or alert signals regarding the onset of the person's medical condition.
(b) A person who knowingly or intentionally:
(1) interferes with the actions of a service animal; or
(2) strikes, torments, injures, or otherwise mistreats a service animal; while the service animal is engaged in assisting an impaired person described in subsection (a) commits a Class A misdemeanor.
(c) An offense under subsection (b)(2) is a Class D felony if the act results in the:
(1) serious permanent disfigurement;
(2) unconsciousness;
(3) permanent or protracted loss or impairment of the function of a bodily member or organ; or
(4) death; of the service animal.
(d) It is a defense that the accused person:
(1) engaged in a reasonable act of training, handling, or disciplining the service animal; or
(2) reasonably believed the conduct was necessary to prevent injury to the accused person or another person.

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Kansas

Chapter 21. Crimes and Punishments
Part II. Prohibited Conduct
Article 43. Crimes Against The Public Morals

§ 21-4318. Harming or killing certain dogs

(a) Inflicting harm, disability or death to a police dog, arson dog, assistance dog, game warden dog or search and rescue dog is knowingly and intentionally, and without lawful cause or justification poisoning, inflicting great bodily harm, permanent disability or death, upon a police dog, arson dog, assistance dog, game warden dog or search and rescue dog.
(b) As used in this section:
(1) "Arson dog" means any dog which is owned, or the service of which is employed, by the state fire marshal or a fire department for the principal purpose of aiding in the detection of liquid accelerants in the investigation of fires.
(2) "Assistance dog" has the meaning provided by K.S.A. 39-1113, and amendments thereto.
(3) "Fire department" means a public fire department under the control of the governing body of a city, township, county, fire district or benefit district or a private fire department operated by a nonprofit corporation providing fire protection services for a city, township, county, fire district or benefit district under contract with the governing body of the city, township, county or district.
(4) "Game warden dog" means any dog which is owned, or the service of which is employed, by the department of wildlife and parks for the purpose of aiding in detection of criminal activity, enforcement of laws, apprehension of offenders or location of persons or wildlife.
(5) "Police dog" means any dog which is owned, or the service of which is employed, by a law enforcement agency for the principal purpose of aiding in the detection of criminal activity, enforcement of laws or apprehension of offenders.
(6) "Search and rescue dog" means any dog which is owned or the service of which is employed, by a law enforcement or emergency response agency for the purpose of aiding in the location of persons missing in disasters or other times of need.
(c) Inflicting harm, disability or death to a police dog, arson dog, assistance dog, game warden dog or search and rescue dog is a nonperson felony. Upon conviction of this subsection, a person shall be sentenced to not less than 30 days or more than one year's imprisonment and be fined not less than $500 nor more than $5,000. During the mandatory 30 days imprisonment, such offender shall have a psychological evaluation prepared for the court to assist the court in determining conditions of probation. Such conditions shall include, but not be limited to, the completion of an anger management program.
(d) This section shall be part of and supplemental to the Kansas criminal code.

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Kentucky

Title XXI. Agriculture and Animals
Chapter 258. Animal Control and Protection

§ 258.500 Persons with assistance dogs not to be denied accommodations, transportation, or elevator service; conditions; exemption from licensing fees; denial of emergency medical treatment for assistance dog prohibited

(12) No person shall willfully or maliciously interfere with an assistance dog or the dog's user.

Title L. Kentucky Penal Code

Chapter 525. Riot, Disorderly Conduct, and Related Offenses (Refs & Annos)
Assaults on Service Animals

§ 525.200 Assault on a service animal in the first degree

(1) A person is guilty of assault on a service animal in the first degree when he intentionally and without legal justification or lawful authority kills or causes physical injury to a service animal to the extent that a service animal becomes physically incapable of ever returning to service.
(2) Assault on a service animal in the first degree is a Class D felony.

§ 525.205 Assault on a service animal in the second degree

(1) A person is guilty of assault on a service animal in the second degree when he intentionally and without legal justification or lawful authority causes physical injury to a service animal.
(2) Assault on a service animal in the second degree is a Class B misdemeanor.

§ 525.210 Duty status of service animal not a factor in application of KRS 525.200 and 525.205

KRS 525.200 and 525.205 shall apply whether or not the service animal is on duty or off duty.

§ 525.215 Defendant's liability for damages upon conviction of assault on a service animal

In any case in which a defendant is convicted of a violation of the provisions of KRS 525.200 or 525.205, the defendant may be ordered to make restitution to the person or agency owning the animal for any veterinary bills, replacement costs of the animal if it is disabled or killed, and the salary of the animal handler for the period of time his services are lost to the agency or self-employment.

§ 525.220 Bars and defenses to conviction of assault on a service animal

No person shall be convicted of assault on a service animal when:
(1) He has also been convicted of a violation of KRS 525.125 [cruelty to animals in the first degree], 525.130 [cruelty to animals in the second degree], 512.020 [criminal mischief in the first degree], 512.030 [criminal mischief in the second degree], or 512.040 [criminal mischief in the third degree] arising out of the same incident; or
(2) He has destroyed or treated a service animal that is injured, diseased, or suffering or that constitutes a hazard to public safety if not destroyed; or
(3) He has used physical force against the service animal in protection of himself or a third person; or
(4) He has used physical force without knowledge that the animal was a service animal.

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Louisiana

TITLE 46. PUBLIC WELFARE AND ASSISTANCE
CHAPTER 23. LOUISIANA WHITE CANE LAW

§ 1956. Violation of rights; injury or interference with an assistance dog; penalties; civil action; damages; cost and attorney fees

A. Any person, firm, or corporation, or the agent, representative, or employee of any person, firm, or corporation who: withholds, denies, deprives, or attempts to withhold, deny, or deprive; intimidates, threatens, coerces, or attempts to threaten, intimidate, or coerce; punishes or attempts to punish a physically disabled person or a trainer or puppy raiser of an assistance dog, during the training of such dog, or for exercising his right to be admitted to or enjoy the places and facilities provided in this Chapter; or otherwise interferes with the rights of a physically disabled person under this Chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned for not more than six months, or both.
B. Any person who purposely or negligently injures an assistance dog or any owner of a dog who allows that dog to injure an assistance dog because he fails to control or leash the dog shall also be guilty of a misdemeanor and fined not less than one hundred dollars nor more than five hundred dollars or imprisoned for not more than six months, or both. Such person shall also be liable for any injuries to the assistance dog and, if necessary, the replacement and compensation for the loss of the assistance dog.
C. For every offense, such person shall pay for actual damages for any economic loss to any person aggrieved thereby, to be recovered in any court of competent jurisdiction in the parish where such offense was committed or where the aggrieved person resides.
D. In an action brought under this Section, the court may award costs and reasonable attorney's fee to the prevailing party.

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Maine

Title 7. Agriculture and Animals
Part 9. Animal Welfare (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 729. Damage by Animals (Refs & Annos)

§ 3961-A. Attack on service animal

A person who owns or keeps a dog that attacks, injures or kills a service animal while the service animal is in discharge of its duties commits a civil violation for which a forfeiture of not more than $1,000 may be adjudged.

When a person is adjudicated of a violation of this section, the court shall order the person to make restitution to the owner of the service animal for any veterinary bills and necessary retraining costs or replacement costs of the service animal if it is disabled or killed.

For the purposes of this section, “service animal” has the same meaning as set forth in Title 5, section 4553, subsection 9-D.

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Massachusetts

Part I. Administration of the Government (Ch. 1-182)
Title XIV. Public Ways and Works (Ch. 81-92B)
Chapter 90. Motor Vehicles and Aircraft (Refs & Annos)

§ 14A. Protection of blind pedestrians crossing or attempting to cross ways

Whenever a totally or partially blind pedestrian, guided by a guide dog or carrying in a raised or extended position a cane or walking stick which is white in color or white tipped with red, crosses or attempts to cross a way, the driver of every vehicle approaching the place where such pedestrian is crossing or attempting to cross shall bring his vehicle to a full stop, and before proceeding shall take such precautions as may be necessary to avoid injuring such pedestrian. A person who owns an animal shall restrain and control such animal on a leash when in proximity to a guide dog that is on a public or private way. Nothing contained in this section shall be construed to deprive any totally or partially blind person, not carrying such a cane or walking stick or not being guided by a dog, of the rights and privileges conferred by law upon pedestrians crossing ways, nor shall the failure of such blind person to carry a cane or walking stick or to be guided by a guide dog while on the ways of this commonwealth be held to constitute or be evidence of contributory negligence. Whoever violates any provision of this section shall be punished by a fine of no less than one hundred nor more than five hundred dollars.

Title I. Crimes and Punishments (Ch. 263-274)
Chapter 272. Crimes Against Chastity, Morality, Decency and Good Order (Refs & Annos)

§ 85B. Assistance animals stolen or attacked; actions for economic and non-economic damages

(a) A physically impaired person who uses an assistance animal or the owner of the assistance animal, may bring an action for economic and non-economic damages against a person who steals or attacks the assistance animal. The action authorized by this subsection may be brought by the physically impaired person or owner notwithstanding that the assistance animal was in the custody or under the supervision of another person when the theft or attack occurred. If any other non-assistance animal should attack an assistance animal, the owner of the assistance animal may seek compensation from the owner or custodian of the non-assistance animal found to have caused harm to the assistance animal.
(b) If the theft or attack of an assistance animal as described in subsection (a) results in the death of the animal or the animal is not returned or if injuries sustained prevent the assistance animal from returning to service, the measure of economic damages shall include, but are not limited to, the veterinary medical expenses and the replacement cost of an equally trained assistance animal, without any differentiation for the age or the experience of the animal.
(c) A cause of action shall not arise under this section if the physically impaired individual, owner or the individual having custody or supervision of the assistance animal was engaged in the commission of a crime at the time of injury sustained by the assistance animal.

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Michigan

Chapter 750. Michigan Penal Code
The Michigan Penal Code (Refs & Annos)
Chapter IX. Animals (Refs & Annos)

§ 750.50a. Conduct directed toward dogs assisting or serving blind, deaf, audibly impaired, or physically limited individuals; misdemeanor, penalties; evidence of initiated or continued conduct, rebuttable presumption; conviction and imposition of sentence; definitions

(1) An individual shall not do either of the following:

(a) Willfully and maliciously assault, beat, harass, injure, or attempt to assault, beat, harass or injure a dog that he or she knows or has reason to believe is a guide or leader dog for a blind individual, a hearing dog for a deaf or audibly impaired individual, or a service dog for a physically limited individual.
(b) Willfully and maliciously impede or interfere with, or attempt to impede or interfere with duties performed by a dog that he or she knows or has reason to believe is a guide or leader dog for a blind individual, a hearing dog for a deaf or audibly impaired individual, or a service dog for a physically limited individual.
(2) An individual who violates subsection (1) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than 90 days or a fine of not more than $500.00, or both.
(3) In a prosecution for a violation of subsection (1), evidence that the defendant initiated or continued conduct directed toward a dog described in subsection (1) after being requested to avoid or discontinue that conduct or similar conduct by a blind, deaf, audibly impaired, or physically limited individual being served or assisted by the dog shall give rise to a rebuttable presumption that the conduct was initiated or continued maliciously.
(4) A conviction and imposition of a sentence under this section does not prevent a conviction and imposition of a sentence under any other applicable provision of law.
(5) As used in this section:
(a) “Audibly impaired” means the inability to hear air conduction thresholds at an average of 40 decibels or greater in the individual's better ear.
(b) “Blind” means having a visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the individual's better eye with correction, or having a limitation of the individual's field of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance not greater than 20 degrees.
(c) “Deaf” means the individual's hearing is totally impaired or the individual's hearing, with or without amplification, is so seriously impaired that the primary means of receiving spoken language is through other sensory input, including, but not limited to, lip reading, sign language, finger spelling, or reading.
(d) “Harass” means to engage in any conduct directed toward a guide, leader, hearing, or service dog that is likely to impede or interfere with the dog's performance of its duties or that places the blind, deaf, audibly impaired, or physically limited individual being served or assisted by the dog in danger of injury.
(e) “Injure” means to cause any physical injury to a dog described in subsection (1).
(f) “Maliciously” means any of the following:
(i) With intent to assault, beat, harass or injure a dog described in subsection (1).
(ii) With intent to impede or interfere with duties performed by a dog described in subsection (1).
(iii) With intent to disturb, endanger, or cause emotional distress to a blind, deaf, audibly impaired, or physically limited individual being served or assisted by a dog described in subsection (1).
(iv) With knowledge that the individual's conduct will, or is likely to harass or injure a dog described in subsection (1).
(v) With knowledge that the individual's conduct will, or is likely to impede or interfere with duties performed by a dog described in subsection (1).
(vi) With knowledge that the individual's conduct will, or is likely to disturb, endanger, or cause emotional distress to a blind, deaf, audibly impaired, or physically limited individual being served or assisted by a dog described in subsection (1).
(g) “Physically limited” means having limited ambulatory abilities and includes but is not limited to having a temporary or permanent impairment or condition that does 1 or more of the following:
(i) Causes the individual to use a wheelchair or walk with difficulty or insecurity.
(ii) Affects sight or hearing to the extent that an individual is insecure or exposed to danger.
(iii) Causes faulty coordination.
(iv) Reduces mobility, flexibility, coordination, or perceptiveness.

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Minnesota

Crimes, Criminals (Ch. 609-624)
Chapter 609. Criminal Code (Refs & Annos)
Crimes Against the Person

§ 609.226. Harm caused by dog

Subdivision 1. Great or substantial bodily harm. A person who causes great or substantial bodily harm to another by negligently or intentionally permitting any dog to run uncontrolled off the owner's premises, or negligently failing to keep it properly confined is guilty of a misdemeanor. A person who is convicted of a second or subsequent violation of this section involving the same dog is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
Subd. 2. Dangerous dogs. If the owner of a dangerous dog, as defined under section 347.50, subdivision 2, has been convicted of a misdemeanor under section 347.55, and the same dog causes bodily injury to a person other than the owner, the owner is guilty of a gross misdemeanor and may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both.
Subd. 3. Defense. If proven by a preponderance of the evidence, it shall be an affirmative defense to liability under subdivision 1 or 2 that the victim provoked the dog to cause the victim's bodily harm.
Subd. 4. Harm to service animal caused by dog; crime, mandatory restitution. (a) As used in this subdivision, “service animal” means an animal individually trained or being trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability.
(b) A person who negligently or intentionally (1) permits the person's dog to run uncontrolled off the person's premises, or (2) fails to keep the person's dog properly confined or controlled; and as a result the dog causes bodily harm to a service animal or otherwise renders a service animal unable to perform its duties, is guilty of a misdemeanor.
(c) The court shall order a person convicted of violating this subdivision to pay restitution for the costs and expenses resulting from the crime. Costs and expenses include, but are not limited to, the service animal user's loss of income, veterinary expenses, transportation costs, and other expenses of temporary replacement assistance services, and service animal replacement or retraining costs incurred by a school, agency, or individual. If the court finds that the convicted person is indigent, the court may reduce the amount of restitution to a reasonable level or order it paid in installments.
(d) This subdivision does not preclude a person from seeking any available civil remedies for an act that violates this subdivision.

Police Regulations (Ch. 340-348)
Chapter 343. Prevention of Cruelty to Animals
Cruelty to Animals

§ 343.21. Overworking or mistreating animals; penalty

Subdivision 1. Torture. No person shall overdrive, overload, torture, cruelly beat, neglect, or unjustifiably injure, maim, mutilate, or kill any animal, or cruelly work any animal when it is unfit for labor, whether it belongs to that person or to another person.
Subd. 2. Nourishment; shelter. No person shall deprive any animal over which the person has charge or control of necessary food, water, or shelter.
Subd. 3. Enclosure. No person shall keep any cow or other animal in any enclosure without providing wholesome exercise and change of air.
Subd. 4. Low feed. No person shall feed any cow on food which produces impure or unwholesome milk.
Subd. 5. Abandonment. No person shall abandon any animal.
Subd. 6. Temporary abandonment. No person shall allow any maimed, sick, infirm, or disabled animal to lie in any street, road, or other public place for more than three hours after receiving notice of the animal's condition.
Subd. 7. Cruelty. No person shall willfully instigate or in any way further any act of cruelty to any animal or animals, or any act tending to produce cruelty to animals.
Subd. 8. Caging. No person shall cage any animal for public display purposes unless the display cage is constructed of solid material on three sides to protect the caged animal from the elements and unless the horizontal dimension of each side of the cage is at least four times the length of the caged animal. The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to the Minnesota State Agricultural Society, the Minnesota State Fair, or to the county agricultural societies, county fairs, to any agricultural display of caged animals by any political subdivision of the state of Minnesota, or to district, regional or national educational livestock or poultry exhibitions. The provisions of this subdivision do not apply to captive wildlife, the exhibition of which is regulated by section 97A.041.
Subd. 8a. Harming a service animal. No person shall intentionally and without justification cause bodily harm to a service animal while it is providing service or while it is in the custody of the person it serves.
Subd. 9. Penalty. (a) Except as otherwise provided in this subdivision, a person who fails to comply with any provision of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor. A person convicted of a second or subsequent violation of subdivision 1 or 7 within five years of a previous violation of subdivision 1 or 7 is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(b) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than one year or to payment of a fine of not more than $3,000, or both.
(c) A person convicted of violating paragraph (b) within five years of a previous gross misdemeanor or felony conviction for violating this section may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.
(d) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a pet or companion animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.
(e) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a service animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.
(f) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in substantial bodily harm to a pet or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than two years or to payment of a fine of not more than $5,000, or both.
(g) A person who violates subdivision 8a where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a service animal may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than four years or to payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both.
(h) A person who intentionally violates subdivision 1 or 7 where the violation results in death or great bodily harm to a pet or companion animal, and the act is done to threaten, intimidate, or terrorize another person, may be sentenced to imprisonment for not more than four years or to payment of a fine of not more than $10,000, or both.
Subd. 10. Restrictions. If a person is convicted of violating this section, the court shall require that pet or companion animals that have not been seized by a peace officer or agent and are in the custody or control of the person must be turned over to a peace officer or other appropriate officer or agent unless the court determines that the person is able and fit to provide adequately for an animal. If the evidence indicates lack of proper and reasonable care of an animal, the burden is on the person to affirmatively demonstrate by clear and convincing evidence that the person is able and fit to have custody of and provide adequately for an animal. The court may limit the person's further possession or custody of pet or companion animals, and may impose other conditions the court considers appropriate, including, but not limited to:
(1) imposing a probation period during which the person may not have ownership, custody, or control of a pet or companion animal;
(2) requiring periodic visits of the person by an animal control officer or agent appointed pursuant to section 343.01, subdivision 1;
(3) requiring performance by the person of community service; and
(4) requiring the person to receive psychological, behavioral, or other counseling.

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Mississippi

Title 97. Crimes
Chapter 41. Cruelty to Animals

§ 97-41-21. Harassment of guide dogs

(1) An individual shall not do either of the following:
(a) Willfully and maliciously assault, beat, harass, injure, or attempt to assault, beat, harass or injure, a dog that he or she knows or has reason to believe is a guide or leader dog for a blind individual, a hearing dog for a deaf or audibly impaired individual, or a service dog for a physically limited individual.
(b) Willfully and maliciously impede or interfere with, or attempt to impede or interfere with, duties performed by a dog that he or she knows or has reason to believe is a guide or leader dog for a blind individual, a hearing dog for a deaf or audibly impaired individual, or a service dog for a physically limited individual.
(2) An individual who violates subsection (1) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than ninety (90) days or a fine of not more than Five Hundred Dollars ($500.00), or both.
(3) In a prosecution for a violation of subsection (1), evidence that the defendant initiated or continued conduct directed toward a dog described in subsection (1) after being requested to avoid or discontinue that conduct or similar conduct by a blind, deaf, audibly impaired or physically limited individual being served or assisted by the dog shall give rise to a rebuttable presumption that the conduct was initiated or continued maliciously.
(4) A conviction and imposition of a sentence under this section does not prevent a conviction and imposition of a sentence under any other applicable provision of law.
(5) As used in this section:
(a) “Audibly impaired” means the inability to hear air conduction thresholds at an average of forty (40) decibels or greater in the individual's better ear.
(b) “Blind” means having a visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the individual's better eye with correction, or having a limitation of the individual's field of vision such that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance not greater than twenty (20) degrees.
(c) “Deaf” means the individual's hearing is totally impaired or the individual's hearing, with or without amplification, is so seriously impaired that the primary means of receiving spoken language is through other sensory input, including, but not limited to, lip reading, sign language, finger spelling or reading.
(d) “Harass” means to engage in any conduct directed toward a guide, leader, hearing or service dog that is likely to impede or interfere with the dog's performance of its duties or that places the blind, deaf, audibly impaired or physically limited individual being served or assisted by the dog in danger of injury.
(e) “Injure” means to cause any physical injury to a dog described in subsection (1).
(f) “Maliciously” means any of the following:
(i) With intent to assault, beat, harass or injure a dog described in subsection (1).
(ii) With intent to impede or interfere with duties performed by a dog described in subsection (1).
(iii) With intent to disturb, endanger or cause emotional distress to a blind, deaf, audibly impaired or physically limited individual being served or assisted by a dog described in subsection (1).
(iv) With knowledge that the individual's conduct will, or is likely to, harass or injure a dog described in subsection (1).
(v) With knowledge that the individual's conduct will, or is likely to, impede or interfere with duties performed by a dog described in subsection (1).
(vi) With knowledge that the individual's conduct will, or is likely to, disturb, endanger or cause emotional distress to a blind, deaf, audibly impaired or physically limited individual being served or assisted by a dog described in subsection (1).
(g) “Physically limited” means having limited ambulatory abilities and includes, but is not limited to, having a temporary or permanent impairment or condition that does one or more of the following:
(i) Causes the individual to use a wheelchair or walk with difficulty or insecurity.
(ii) Affects sight or hearing to the extent that an individual is insecure or exposed to danger.
(iii) Causes faulty coordination.
(iv) Reduces mobility, flexibility, coordination or perceptiveness.

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Missouri

Title XII PUBLIC HEALTH AND WELFARE
Chapter 209 Disabilities

§ 209.202. Crime of causing substantial injury to or the death of a service dog, penalty--failure to control an animal that causes substantial injury to or the death of a service dog, penalty--harassment of a service dog, penalty--damages.

1. Any person who knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly causes substantial physical injury to or the death of a service dog is guilty of a class A misdemeanor. The provisions of this subsection shall not apply to the destruction of a service dog for humane purposes.
2. Any person who knowingly or intentionally fails to exercise sufficient control over an animal such person owns, keeps, harbors, or exercises control over to prevent the animal from causing the substantial physical injury to or death of a service dog, or the subsequent inability to function as a service dog as a result of the animal's attacking, chasing, or harassing the service dog is guilty of a class A misdemeanor.
3. Any person who harasses or chases a dog known to such person to be a service dog is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
4. Any person who owns, keeps, harbors, or exercises control over an animal and who knowingly or intentionally fails to exercise sufficient control over the animal to prevent such animal from chasing or harassing a service dog while such dog is carrying out the dog's function as a service dog, to the extent that the animal temporarily interferes with the service dog's ability to carry out the dog's function is guilty of a class B misdemeanor.
5. An owner of a service dog or a person with a disability who uses a service dog may file a cause of action to recover civil damages against any person who:
(1) Violates the provisions of subsection 1 or 2 of this section; or
(2) Steals a service dog resulting in the loss of the services of the service dog.
6. Any civil damages awarded under subsection 5 of this section shall be based on the following:
(1) The replacement value of an equally trained service dog, without any differentiation for the age or experience of the service dog;
(2) The cost and expenses incurred by the owner of a service dog or the person with a disability who used the service dog, including:
(a) The cost of temporary replacement services, whether provided by another service dog or by a person;
(b) The reasonable costs incurred in efforts to recover a stolen service dog; and
(c) Court costs and attorney's fees incurred in bringing a civil action under subsection 5 of this section.
7. An owner of a service dog or a person with a disability who uses a service dog may file a cause of action to recover civil damages against a person who:
(1) Violates the provisions of subsections 1 to 4 of this section resulting in injury from which the service dog recovers to an extent that the dog is able to function as a service dog for the person with a disability; or
(2) Steals a service dog and the service dog is recovered resulting in the service dog being able to function as a service dog for the person with a disability.
8. Any civil damages awarded under subsection 7 of this section shall be based on the following:
(1) Veterinary medical expenses;
(2) Retraining expenses;
(3) The cost of temporary replacement services, whether provided by another service dog or by a person;
(4) Reasonable costs incurred in the recovery of the service dog; and
(5) Court costs and attorney's fees incurred in bringing the civil action under subsection 7 of this section.
9. The provisions of this section shall not apply if a person with a disability, an owner, or a person having custody or supervision of a service dog commits criminal or civil trespass.
10. Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude any other remedies available at law.

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Nebraska

Chapter 28. Crimes and Punishments
Article 10. Offenses Against Animals

§ 28-1009.01. Violence on a service animal; interference with a service animal; penalty

(1) A person commits the offense of violence on a service animal when he or she (a) intentionally injures, harasses, or threatens to injure or harass or (b) attempts to intentionally injure, harass, or threaten an animal that he or she knows or has reason to believe is a service animal for a blind or visually impaired person, a deaf or hearing-impaired person, or a physically limited person.
(2) A person commits the offense of interference with a service animal when he or she (a) intentionally impedes, interferes, or threatens to impede or interfere or (b) attempts to intentionally impede, interfere, or threaten to impede or interfere with an animal that he or she knows or has reason to believe is a service animal for a blind or visually impaired person, a deaf or hearing-impaired person, or a physically limited person.
(3) Evidence that the defendant initiated or continued conduct toward an animal as described in subsection (1) or (2) of this section after being requested to avoid or discontinue such conduct by the blind, visually impaired, deaf, hearing-impaired, or physically limited person being served or assisted by the animal shall create a rebuttable presumption that the conduct of the defendant was initiated or continued intentionally.
(4) For purposes of this section:
(a) Blind person means a person with totally impaired vision or with vision, with or without correction, which is so severely impaired that the primary means of receiving information is through other sensory input, including, but not limited to, braille, mechanical reproduction, synthesized speech, or readers;
(b) Deaf person means a person with totally impaired hearing or with hearing, with or without amplification, which is so severely impaired that the primary means of receiving spoken language is through other sensory input, including, but not limited to, lip reading, sign language, finger spelling, or reading;
(c) Hearing-impaired person means a person who is unable to hear air conduction thresholds at an average of forty decibels or greater in the person's better ear;
(d) Physically limited person means a person having limited ambulatory abilities, including, but not limited to, having a permanent impairment or condition that requires the person to use a wheelchair or to walk with difficulty or insecurity to the extent that the person is insecure or exposed to danger; and
(e) Visually impaired person means a person having a visual acuity of 20/200 or less in the person's better eye with correction or having a limitation to the person's field of vision so that the widest diameter of the visual field subtends an angular distance not greater than twenty degrees.
(5) Violence on a service animal or interference with a service animal is a Class III misdemeanor.

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Nevada

Title 38. Public Welfare
Chapter 426. Persons with Disabilities (Refs & Annos)
Penalties

§ 426.790. Unlawfully interfering with or allowing dog or other animal to interfere with use of service animal or service animal in training; unlawfully beating or killing service animal or service animal in training; penalties 1. A person shall not: (a) Without legal justification, interfere with, or allow a dog or other animal he owns, harbors or controls to interfere with, the use of a service animal or service animal in training by obstructing, intimidating or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the service animal or service animal in training or the person using the service animal or service animal in training.

1. A person shall not:
(a) Without legal justification, interfere with, or allow a dog or other animal he owns, harbors or controls to interfere with, the use of a service animal or service animal in training by obstructing, intimidating or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the service animal or service animal in training or the person using the service animal or service animal in training.
(b) Willfully and maliciously beat a service animal or service animal in training.
(c) Willfully and maliciously kill a service animal or service animal in training.
2. Unless a greater penalty is provided in NRS 206.150, a person who violates:
(a) Paragraph (a) of subsection 1 is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(b) Paragraph (b) of subsection 1 is guilty of a category E felony and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.130.
(c) Paragraph (c) of subsection 1 is guilty of a category D felony and shall be punished as provided in NRS 193.130.
3. A person who violates paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection 1 is, in addition to any criminal penalty that may be imposed, civilly liable to the person against whom the violation was committed as provided in NRS 426.820.
4. In addition to any other penalty, the court shall order a person convicted of a violation of paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection 1 to pay restitution to the person who has the disability or the person who has custody or ownership of the service animal or service animal in training for any veterinary bills, and for the replacement cost of the service animal or service animal in training if it was killed or disabled or has become mentally or physically unable to perform its duties. The restitution must cover all costs for aides, assistance, transportation and other hardships incurred during the absence, and until the replacement, of the service animal or service animal in training.

§ 426.810. Allowing dog or other animal to injure or kill service animal or service animal in training unlawful; allowing dog or other animal to endanger or injure person accompanied by service animal or service animal in training unlawful; penalties

1. It is unlawful for a person to allow a dog or other animal that he owns, harbors or controls to cause injury to or the death of any service animal or service animal in training, or to endanger or cause injury to a person who has a disability and is accompanied by a service animal or a person who trains service animals and is accompanied by a service animal in training.
2. Any person, including, without limitation, any firm, association or corporation, who violates the provisions of subsection 1:
(a) Is guilty of a misdemeanor and shall be punished by a fine of not more than $500; and
(b) In addition to any criminal penalty that may be imposed, is civilly liable to the person against whom the violation was committed as provided in NRS 426.820.
3. In addition to any other penalty, the court shall order a person convicted of a violation of subsection 1 to pay restitution to the person who has the disability or the person who has custody or ownership of the service animal or service animal in training for any veterinary bills, and for the replacement cost of the service animal or service animal in training if it was killed or disabled or has become mentally or physically unable to perform its duties. The restitution must cover all costs for aides, assistance, transportation and other hardships incurred during the absence, and until the replacement, of the service animal or service animal in training.

§ 426.820. Civil liability for engaging in certain prohibited acts concerning service animals or service animals in training

1. In addition to any criminal penalty that may be imposed, any person, including, without limitation, any firm, association or corporation, who violates the provisions of paragraph (a), (b) or (c) of subsection 1 of NRS 426.790 or subsection 1 of NRS 426.810 is civilly liable to the person against whom the violation was committed for:
(a) Actual damages;
(b) Such punitive damages as may be determined by a jury, or by a court sitting without a jury, which must not be more than three times the amount of actual damages, except that in no case may the punitive damages be less than $750; and
(c) Reasonable attorney's fees as determined by the court.
2. The remedies provided in this section are nonexclusive and are in addition to any other remedy provided by law, including, without limitation, any action for injunctive or other equitable relief available to the aggrieved person or brought in the name of the people of this State or the United States.

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New Hampshire

Title XII. Public Safety and Welfare (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 167-D. Hearing Ear Dogs, Guide Dogs, Service Dogs, and Search and Rescue Dogs (Refs & Annos)
Section 167-D:9 Penalty.

I. Any person violating any provision of this chapter shall be guilty of a misdemeanor.
II. Any person who purposely tortures, beats, kicks, strikes, mutilates, injures, or disables a service dog, or who purposely causes the death of a service dog shall be guilty of a class A misdemeanor.

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New Jersey

Title 10. Civil Rights
Chapter 5. Law Against Discrimination (Refs & Annos).

§ 10:5-29.5. Violations of act, misrepresentation of guide dog or intentional interference with rights of disabled person accompanied by guide or service dog; fine

Any person who violates the provisions of P.L.1977, c. 456 in a manner not otherwise prohibited by P.L.1945, c. 169 (C.10:5-1 et seq.), or who fits a dog with a harness of the type commonly used by blind persons in order to represent that such dog is a guide dog when training of the type that guide dogs normally receive has not in fact, been provided, or who otherwise intentionally interferes with the rights of a person with a disability, who is accompanied by a guide or service dog, or the function or the ability to function of a guide or service dog, shall be fined not less than $100 and not more than $500.

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New Mexico

Chapter 28. Human Rights
Article 11. Assistance Animal

§28-11-5. Findings and purpose; interference with qualified assistance animals prohibited; criminal and civil penalties

A. The legislature finds that unrestrained dogs constitute a danger to qualified assistance animals and public safety. The purpose of this section is to protect persons with disabilities and qualified assistance animals from attack by unrestrained dogs.
B. It is unlawful for any person, with no legal justification, to:
(1) intentionally interfere with the use of a qualified assistance animal by harassing or obstructing the owner or trainer of the qualified assistance animal or the qualified assistance animal; or
(2) intentionally fail or refuse to control the person's unrestrained dog, and that dog interferes with or obstructs the owner or trainer of the qualified assistance animal or the qualified assistance animal.
C. The provisions of this section shall not apply to unrestrained dogs on private property not open to the public.
D. A person who violates the provisions of this section is guilty of a misdemeanor and upon conviction shall be punished pursuant to Section 31-19-1 NMSA 1978. A person convicted under this section may be ordered to pay restitution, including the cost of veterinary bills and replacement and training costs of a qualified assistance animal, if such costs are incurred as a result of the violation.
E. Nothing in this section shall be construed to preclude any other remedies otherwise available pursuant to common law or the NMSA 1978.

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New York

General Obligations Law (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 24-A. Of the Consolidated Laws (Refs & Annos)
Article 11. Obligations to Make Compensation or Restitution
Title 1. Compensation

§ 11-107. Compensation for harm to a guide, hearing or service dog

In addition to any other right of action or recovery otherwise available under law, a disabled person whose guide, hearing or service dog is injured due to the negligence of the owner of another dog in handling that other dog may recover damages from the owner or custodian of the non-guide, hearing or service dog that causes injury to the guide, hearing or service dog. Such damages may include, but are not limited to veterinarian fees, the cost of retraining or replacing the guide, hearing or service dog, and lost wages or damages due to loss of mobility incurred while retraining or replacement is taking place.

Penal Law (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 40. Of the Consolidated Laws (Refs & Annos)
Part Three. Specific Offenses
Title L. Offenses Against Public Administration
Article 195. Official Misconduct and Obstruction of Public Servants Generally

§ 195.11 Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree

A person is guilty of harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree when such person intentionally causes physical injury to such animal while it is in the performance of aiding a person with a disability, and thereby renders such animal incapable of providing such aid to such person, or to another person with a disability. For purposes of this section and section 195.12 of this article, the term “disability” means “disability” as defined in subdivision twenty-one of section two hundred ninety-two of the executive law. Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the second degree is a class B misdemeanor.

§ 195.12 Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree

A person is guilty of harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree when such person:
1. intentionally causes physical injury to such animal while it is in the performance of aiding a person with a disability, and thereby renders such animal permanently incapable of providing such aid to such person, or to another person with a disability; or
2. intentionally kills such animal while it is in the performance of aiding a person with a disability. Harming an animal trained to aid a person with a disability in the first degree is a class A misdemeanor.

Penal Law (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 40. Of the Consolidated Laws (Refs & Annos)
Part Three. Specific Offenses
Title N. Offenses Against Public Order, Public Sensibilities and the Right to Privacy
Article 242. Offenses Against Service Animals and Handlers

§ 242.05 Interference, harassment or intimidation of a service animal

A person is guilty of interference, harassment or intimidation of a service animal when he or she commits an act with intent to and which does make it impractical, dangerous or impossible for a service animal to perform its assigned responsibilities of assisting a person with a disability.

Interference, harassment or intimidation of a service animal is a class B misdemeanor.

§ 242.10 Harming a service animal in the second degree

A person is guilty of harming a service animal in the second degree when, with the intent to do so, he or she causes physical injury, or causes such injury that results in the death, of a service animal.

Harming a service animal in the second degree is a class A misdemeanor.

§ 242.15 Harming a service animal in the first degree

A person is guilty of harming a service animal in the first degree when, he or she commits the crime of harming a service animal in the second degree, and has been convicted of harming a service animal in the first or second degree within the prior five years.

Harming a service animal in the first degree is a class E felony.

Agriculture and Markets Law (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 69. Of the Consolidated Laws
Article 7. Licensing, Identification and Control of Dogs (Refs & Annos)

§ 119. Violations (subsection H)

It shall be a violation, punishable as provided in subdivision two of this section, for: h) the owner or custodian of any dog to fail to exercise due diligence in handling his or her dog if the handling results in harm to another dog that is a guide, hearing or service dog.

It shall be the duty of the dog control officer of any municipality to bring an action against any person who has committed within such municipality any violation set forth in subdivision one of this section. Any municipality may elect either to prosecute such action as a violation under the penal law or to commence an action to recover a civil penalty.

A violation of this section shall be punishable, subject to such an election, either:
a) where prosecuted pursuant to the penal law, by a fine of not more than twenty-five dollars, except that (i) where the person was found to have violated this section or former article seven of this chapter within the preceding five years, the fine may be not more than fifty dollars, and (ii) where the person was found to have committed two or more such violations within the preceding five years, it shall be punishable by a fine of not more than one hundred dollars or imprisonment for not more than fifteen days, or both; or
b) where prosecuted as an action to recover a civil penalty, by a civil penalty of not more than twenty-five dollars, except that (i) when the person was found to have violated this section or former article seven of this chapter within the preceding five years, the civil penalty may be not more than fifty dollars, and (ii) where the person was found to have committed two or more such violations within the preceding five years, the civil penalty may be not more than one hundred dollars.

§ 123. Dangerous Dogs (Subsection 6)

6. The owner of a dog who, through any act or omission, negligently permits his or her dog to bite a person, service dog, guide dog or hearing dog causing physical injury shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed four hundred dollars in addition to any other applicable penalties.

§ 123-b. Offenses against service animals and handlers

Definitions. For purposes of this section:
(a) “Service animal” shall mean any animal that has been partnered with a person who has a disability and has been trained or is being trained, by a qualified person, to aid or guide a person with a disability.
(b) “Disability” shall have the same meaning as provided in section two hundred ninety-two of the executive law.
(c) “Handler” shall mean a disabled person using a service animal.
(d) “Formal training program” or “certified trainer” shall mean an institution, group or individual who has documentation and community recognition as a provider of service animals.
2. Any person who owns an animal or possesses control of such animal and who, through any act or omission, recklessly permits his or her animal to interfere with the proper working of a service animal, exposing the handler and service animal to danger or resulting in injury or death of the service animal shall be subject to a civil penalty not to exceed one thousand dollars in addition to any other applicable penalties.
3. Any person who owns an animal or possesses control of such animal and who, through any act or omission, recklessly permits his or her animal to interfere with the proper working of a service animal, exposing the handler and service animal to danger or resulting in injury or death of the service animal, where the animal causing such injury has previously been determined to be dangerous pursuant to this article, shall be guilty of a violation punishable by a fine of not more than two thousand dollars, or by a period of imprisonment not to exceed fifteen days, or by both such fine and imprisonment in addition to any other applicable penalties.
4. The handler of the service animal incapacitated, injured or killed shall have the right to pursue any and all civil remedies available to recover damages for medical and veterinary expenses, rehabilitation or replacement of the service animal, and lost wages, transportation expenses or other expenses directly related to the temporary or permanent loss of the service animal.

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North Carolina

Chapter 14. Criminal Law
Subchapter VI. Criminal Trespass
Article 23. Trespasses to Personal Property

§ 14-163.1. Assaulting a law enforcement agency animal, an assistance animal, or a search and rescue animal

(a) The following definitions apply in this section:
(1) Assistance animal.--An animal that is trained and may be used to assist a “person with a disability” as defined in G.S. 168A-3. The term “assistance animal” is not limited to a dog and includes any animal trained to assist a person with a disability as provided in Article 1 of Chapter 168 of the General Statutes.
(2) Law enforcement agency animal.--An animal that is trained and may be used to assist a law enforcement officer in the performance of the officer's official duties.
(3) Harm.--Any injury, illness, or other physiological impairment; or any behavioral impairment that impedes or interferes with duties performed by a law enforcement agency animal or an assistance animal.
(3a) Search and rescue animal.--An animal that is trained and may be used to assist in a search and rescue operation.
(4) Serious harm.--Harm that does any of the following:
a. Creates a substantial risk of death.
b. Causes maiming or causes substantial loss or impairment of bodily function.
c. Causes acute pain of a duration that results in substantial suffering.
d. Requires retraining of the law enforcement agency animal or assistance animal.
e. Requires retirement of the law enforcement agency animal or assistance animal from performing duties.
(a1) Any person who knows or has reason to know that an animal is a law enforcement agency animal, an assistance animal, or a search and rescue animal and who willfully kills the animal is guilty of a Class H felony.
(b) Any person who knows or has reason to know that an animal is a law enforcement agency animal, an assistance animal, or a search and rescue animal and who willfully causes or attempts to cause serious harm to the animal is guilty of a Class I felony.
(c) Unless the conduct is covered under some other provision of law providing greater punishment, any person who knows or has reason to know that an animal is a law enforcement agency animal, an assistance animal, or a search and rescue animal and who willfully causes or attempts to cause harm to the animal is guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor.
(d) Unless the conduct is covered under some other provision of law providing greater punishment, any person who knows or has reason to know that an animal is a law enforcement agency animal, an assistance animal, or a search and rescue animal and who willfully taunts, teases, harasses, delays, obstructs, or attempts to delay or obstruct the animal in the performance of its duty as a law enforcement agency animal, an assistance animal, or a search and rescue animal is guilty of a Class 2 misdemeanor.
(d1) A defendant convicted of a violation of this section shall be ordered to make restitution to the person with a disability, or to a person, group, or law enforcement agency who owns or is responsible for the care of the law enforcement agency animal or search and rescue animal for any of the following as appropriate:
(1) Veterinary, medical care, and boarding expenses for the law enforcement agency animal, the assistance animal, or the search and rescue animal.
(2) Medical expenses for the person with the disability relating to the harm inflicted upon the assistance animal.
(3) Replacement and training or retraining expenses for the law enforcement agency animal, the assistance animal, or the search and rescue animal.
(4) Expenses incurred to provide temporary mobility services to the person with a disability.
(5) Wages or income lost while the person with a disability is with the assistance animal receiving training or retraining.
(6) The salary of the law enforcement agency animal handler as a result of the lost services to the agency during the time the handler is with the law enforcement agency animal receiving training or retraining.
(6a) The salary of the search and rescue animal handler as a result of the search and rescue services lost during the time the handler is with the search and rescue animal receiving training or retraining.
(7) Any other expense reasonably incurred as a result of the offense.
(e) This section shall not apply to a licensed veterinarian whose conduct is in accordance with Article 11 of Chapter 90 of the General Statutes.
(f) Self-defense is an affirmative defense to a violation of this section.
(g) Nothing in this section shall affect any civil remedies available for violation of this section.

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North Dakota

Title 25. Mental and Physical Illness or Disability
Chapter 25-13. Blind and Disabled Persons' Activities

§ 25-13-06. Killing or injury of service animal--Penalty

1. A person is guilty of a class C felony and is subject to a civil penalty of up to ten thousand dollars if that person willfully and unjustifiably kills, shoots, tortures, torments, beats, kicks, strikes, mutilates, disables, or otherwise injures a service animal.
2. A person is guilty of a class A misdemeanor and is subject to a civil penalty of up to five thousand dollars if that person willfully:
a. Harasses, taunts, or provokes a service animal; or
b. Interferes with a service animal while the animal is working.
3. This section does not apply to a veterinarian who terminates the life of a service animal to relieve the animal of undue suffering and pain.

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Ohio

Title XXIX. Crimes--Procedure (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 2921. Offenses Against Justice and Public Administration (Refs & Annos)
Obstructing and Escape

§ 2921.321 Assaulting police dog, horse, or assistance dog; penalty (Division C, D)

(C) No person shall knowingly cause, or attempt to cause, physical harm to an assistance dog in either of the following circumstances:
(1) The dog is assisting or serving a blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person at the time the physical harm is caused or attempted.
(2) The dog is not assisting or serving a blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person at the time the physical harm is caused or attempted, but the offender has actual knowledge that the dog is an assistance dog.
(D) No person shall recklessly do any of the following:
(1) Taunt, torment, or strike an assistance dog;
(2) Throw an object or substance at an assistance dog;
(3) Interfere with or obstruct an assistance dog, or interfere with or obstruct a blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person who is being assisted or served by an assistance dog, in a manner that does any of the following:
(a) Inhibits or restricts the assisted or served person's control of the dog;
(b) Deprives the assisted or served person of control of the dog;
(c) Releases the dog from its area of control;
(d) Enters the area of control of the dog without the consent of the assisted or served person, including placing food or any other object or substance into that area;
(e) Inhibits or restricts the ability of the dog to assist the assisted or served person.
(4) Engage in any conduct that is likely to cause serious physical injury or death to an assistance dog;
(5) If the person is the owner, keeper, or harborer of a dog, fail to reasonably restrain the dog from taunting, tormenting, chasing, approaching in a menacing fashion or apparent attitude of attack, or attempting to bite or otherwise endanger an assistance dog that at the time of the conduct is assisting or serving a blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person or that the person knows is an assistance dog.
(3) Whoever violates division (C) of this section is guilty of assaulting an assistance dog. Except as otherwise provided in this division, assaulting an assistance dog is a misdemeanor of the second degree. If the violation results in the death of the assistance dog, assaulting an assistance dog is a felony of the third degree. If the violation results in serious physical harm to the assistance dog other than its death, assaulting an assistance dog is a felony of the fourth degree. If the violation results in physical harm to the assistance dog other than death or serious physical harm, assaulting an assistance dog is a misdemeanor of the first degree.
(4) Whoever violates division (D) of this section is guilty of harassing an assistance dog. Except as otherwise provided in this division, harassing an assistance dog is a misdemeanor of the second degree. If the violation results in the death of the assistance dog, harassing an assistance dog is a felony of the third degree. If the violation results in serious physical harm to the assistance dog, but does not result in its death, harassing an assistance dog is a felony of the fourth degree. If the violation results in physical harm to the assistance dog, but does not result in its death or in serious physical harm to it, harassing an assistance dog is a misdemeanor of the first degree.
(5) In addition to any other sanction or penalty imposed for the offense under this section, Chapter 2929., or any other provision of the Revised Code, whoever violates division (A), (B), (C), or (D) of this section is responsible for the payment of all of the following:
(a) Any veterinary bill or bill for medication incurred as a result of the violation by the police department regarding a violation of division (A) or (B) of this section or by the blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person assisted or served by the assistance dog regarding a violation of division (C) or (D) of this section;
(b) The cost of any damaged equipment that results from the violation;
(c) If the violation did not result in the death of the police dog or horse or the assistance dog that was the subject of the violation and if, as a result of that dog or horse being the subject of the violation, the dog or horse needs further training or retraining to be able to continue in the capacity of a police dog or horse or an assistance dog, the cost of any further training or retraining of that dog or horse by a law enforcement officer or by the blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person assisted or served by the assistance dog;
(d) If the violation resulted in the death of the police dog or horse or the assistance dog that was the subject of the violation or resulted in serious physical harm to that dog or horse to the extent that the dog or horse needs to be replaced on either a temporary or a permanent basis, the cost of replacing that dog or horse and of any further training of a new police dog or horse or a new assistance dog by a law enforcement officer or by the blind, deaf or hearing impaired, or mobility impaired person assisted or served by the assistance dog, which replacement or training is required because of the death of or the serious physical harm to the dog or horse that was the subject of the violation.
(F) This section does not apply to a licensed veterinarian whose conduct is in accordance with Chapter 4741. of the Revised Code.
(G) This section only applies to an offender who knows or should know at the time of the violation that the police dog or horse or assistance dog that is the subject of a violation under this section is a police dog or horse or an assistance dog.
(H) As used in this section:
(1) “Physical harm” means any injury, illness, or other physiological impairment, regardless of its gravity or duration.(2) “Police dog or horse” means a dog or horse that has been trained, and may be used, to assist law enforcement officers in the performance of their official duties.
(3) “Serious physical harm” means any of the following:
(a) Any physical harm that carries a substantial risk of death;
(b) Any physical harm that causes permanent maiming or that involves some temporary, substantial maiming;
(c) Any physical harm that causes acute pain of a duration that results in substantial suffering.
(4) “ Assistance dog,” “blind,” and “mobility impaired person” have the same meanings as in section 955.011 of the Revised Code.

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Oklahoma

Title 21. Crimes and Punishments
Part III. Crimes Against the Person
Chapter 20. Assault and Battery

§ 649.3. Harming, mistreating or killing service animal--Willful interference with service animal's performance--Permitting animal to fight, injure or kill service animal--Penalties--Exemption from registration or license fees

A. No person shall willfully harm, including torture, torment, beat, mutilate, injure, disable, or otherwise mistreat or kill a service animal that is used for the benefit of any handicapped person in the state.
B. No person including, but not limited to, any municipality or political subdivision of the state, shall willfully interfere with the lawful performance of any service animal used for the benefit of any handicapped person in the state.
C. Except as provided in subsection D of this section, any person convicted of violating any of the provisions of this section shall be guilty of a misdemeanor, punishable by the imposition of a fine not exceeding One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), or by imprisonment in the county jail not exceeding one (1) year, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
D. Any person who knowingly and willfully and without lawful cause or justification violates the provisions of this section, during the commission of a misdemeanor or felony, shall be guilty of a felony, punishable by the imposition of a fine not exceeding One Thousand Dollars ($1,000.00), or by imprisonment in the Department of Corrections not exceeding two (2) years, or by both such fine and imprisonment.
E. Any person who encourages, permits or allows an animal owned or kept by such person to fight, injure, disable or kill a service animal used for the benefit of any handicapped person in this state, or to interfere with a service animal in any place where the service animal resides or is performing, shall, upon conviction, be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable as provided in subsection C of this section. In addition to the penalty imposed, the court shall order the violator to make restitution to the owner of the service animal for actual costs and expenses incurred as a direct result of any injury, disability or death caused to the service animal, including but not limited to costs of replacing and training any new service animal when a service animal is killed, disabled or unable to perform due to injury. For purpose of this subsection, when a person informs the owner of an animal that the animal is a threat and requests the owner to control or contain the animal and the owner disregards the request, the owner shall be deemed to have encouraged, permitted or allowed any resulting injury to or interference with a service animal.
F. Notwithstanding any ordinance in effect as of the effective date of this act, [FN1] no municipality or political subdivision of the state, or any official thereof, may enact or enforce any ordinance or rule that requires any registration or licensing fee for any service animal as defined in this section that is used for the purpose of guiding or assisting a disabled person who has a sensory, mental, or physical impairment. Any official violating the provisions of this paragraph shall be guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by a fine of not less than Fifty Dollars ($50.00).

G. As used in this section, “service animal” means an animal that is trained for the purpose of guiding or assisting a disabled person who has a sensory, mental, or physical impairment.

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Oregon

Title 16. Crimes and Punishments
Chapter 167. Offenses Against Public Health, Decency and Animals (Refs & Annos)
Offenses Against Animals (Refs & Annos)

§ 167.352. Interfering with assistance, search and rescue or therapy animal

(1) A person commits the crime of interfering with an assistance, a search and rescue or a therapy animal if the person intentionally or knowingly:
(a) Injures or attempts to injure an animal the person knows or reasonably should know is an assistance animal, a search and rescue animal or a therapy animal;
(b) Interferes with an assistance animal while the assistance animal is being used to provide assistance to a person with a physical impairment; or
(c) Interferes with a search and rescue animal or a therapy animal while the animal is being used for search and rescue or therapy purposes.
(2) As used in this section, “assistance animal” and “person with a physical impairment” have the meanings given those terms in ORS 346.680.
(3) As used in this section and ORS 30.822:
(a) “Search and rescue animal” means that the animal has been professionally trained for, and is actively used for, search and rescue purposes.
(b) “Therapy animal” means that the animal has been professionally trained for, and is actively used for, therapy purposes.
(4) Interfering with an assistance, a search and rescue or a therapy animal is a Class A misdemeanor.

Title 30. Education and Culture (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 346. Programs for Blind or Deaf Persons
Assistance Animals for Physically Impaired Persons

§ 346.687. Theft of or attack on assistance animal; damages recoverable

(1) In addition to and not in lieu of any other penalty provided by state law, a person with a physical impairment who uses an assistance animal or the owner of an assistance animal may bring an action for economic and non-economic damages against any person who steals or, without provocation, attacks the assistance animal. The person with a physical impairment or owner may also bring an action for such damages against the owner of any animal that, without provocation, attacks an assistance animal. The action authorized by this subsection may be brought by the person with a physical impairment or owner even if the assistance animal was in the custody or under the supervision of another person when the theft or attack occurred.
(2) If the theft of or unprovoked attack on an assistance animal described in subsection (1) of this section results in the death of the animal or the animal is not returned or if injuries sustained in the theft or attack prevent the animal from returning to service as an assistance animal, the measure of economic damages shall include, but need not be limited to, the replacement value of an equally trained assistance animal, without any differentiation for the age or the experience of the animal. In addition, the person with a physical impairment or owner may recover any other costs and expenses, including, but not limited to, costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another assistance animal or a person, incurred as a result of the theft of or injury to the animal.
(3) If the theft of or unprovoked attack on an assistance animal described in subsection (1) of this section results in injuries from which the animal recovers and returns to service, or if the animal is stolen but is recovered and returns to service, the measure of economic damages shall include, but need not be limited to, the veterinary medical expenses, costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by another assistance animal or a person, and any other costs and expenses incurred by the person with a physical impairment or owner as a result of the theft of or injury to the animal.
(4) A cause of action does not arise under this section if the person with a physical impairment, owner or the person having custody or supervision of the assistance animal was committing a criminal or civil trespass at the time of the theft of or attack on the assistance animal.
(5) The court shall award reasonable attorney fees to the prevailing plaintiff in an action under this section. The court may award reasonable attorney fees and expert witness fees incurred by a defendant who prevails in the action if the court determines that the plaintiff had no objectively reasonable basis for asserting a claim or no objectively reasonable basis for appealing an adverse decision of a trial court.

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Pennsylvania

Title 18 Pa.C.S.A. Crimes and Offenses (Refs & Annos)
Part II. Definition of Specific Offenses
Article F. Offenses Against Public Order and Decency
Chapter 55. Riot, Disorderly Conduct and Related Offenses (Refs & Annos)

§ 5511. Cruelty to animals (Subsection 1,2)

(a) Killing, maiming or poisoning domestic animals or zoo animals, etc.
(1) A person commits a misdemeanor of the second degree if he willfully and maliciously:
(i) Kills, maims or disfigures any domestic animal of another person or any domestic fowl of another person.
(ii) Administers poison to or exposes any poisonous substance with the intent to administer such poison to any domestic animal of another person or domestic fowl of another person.
(iii) Harasses, annoys, injures, attempts to injure, molests or interferes with a dog guide for an individual who is blind, a hearing dog for an individual who is deaf or audibly impaired or a service dog for an individual who is physically limited.

Any person convicted of violating the provisions of this paragraph shall be sentenced to pay a fine of not less than $500.
(2) A person commits a felony of the third degree if he willfully and maliciously:
(i) Kills, maims or disfigures any zoo animal in captivity.
(ii) Administers poison to or exposes any poisonous substance with the intent to administer such poison to any zoo animal in captivity.
(2.1) (i) A person commits a misdemeanor of the first degree if he willfully and maliciously:
(A) Kills, maims, mutilates, tortures or disfigures any dog or cat, whether belonging to himself or otherwise. If a person kills, maims, mutilates, tortures or disfigures a dog guide for an individual who is blind, a hearing dog for an individual who is deaf or audibly impaired or a service dog for an individual who is physically limited, whether belonging to the individual or otherwise, that person, in addition to any other applicable penalty, shall be required to make reparations for veterinary costs in treating the dog and, if necessary, the cost of obtaining and training a replacement dog.

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Rhode Island

Title 40. Human Services
Chapter 9.1. Equal Rights of Blind and Deaf Persons to Public Facilities

§ 40-9.1-3. Penalty for injuring or interfering with a personal assistance animal--Civil actions--Damages--Cost and attorney's fees

(a) It is unlawful for any person, corporation or the agent of any corporation to:
(1) Withhold, deny, deprive or attempt to withhold, deny or deprive any other person of any right or privilege secured by §§ 40-9.1-2 and 40-9.1-2.1;
(2) Intimidate, threaten, coerce, or attempt to threaten, intimidate or coerce any other person to interfere with any right or privilege secured by §§ 40-9.1-2 and 40-9.1-2.1;
(3) Punish or attempt to punish any person for exercising or attempting to exercise any right or privilege secured by §§ 40-9.1-2 and 40-9.1-2.1;
(b) It is unlawful for any person to injure a personal assistance animal and shall be liable for the injuries to the assistance animal and if necessary the replacement and compensation for the loss of the personal assistance animal.
(c) It is unlawful for the owner of a dog to allow that dog to injure a personal assistance animal because the owner failed to control or leash the dog. The owner shall also be liable for the injuries to the personal assistance dog and if necessary the replacement and compensation for the loss of the personal assistance animal.
(d) Any person who violates subsection (a)(1) is guilty of a misdemeanor. Any person who purposely or negligently violates subsection (a)(2) or (a)(3) is guilty of a misdemeanor. Violations shall be punished by imprisonment in the county jail for not more than six (6) months or by a fine of not less than one hundred dollars ($100), or by both fine and imprisonment. Any person or corporation who violates subsections (a), (b), or (c) is also liable to the person whose rights under §§ 40-9.1-2 and 40-9.1-2.1 were violated for actual damages for any economic loss and/or punitive damages, to be recovered by a civil action in a court in and for the county in which the infringement of civil rights occurred or in which the defendant lives.
(e) In an action brought under this section, the court shall award costs and reasonable attorney's fees to the prevailing party.

Title 4. Animals and Animal Husbandry
Chapter 13. Dogs

§ 4-13-16.1. Injury to seeing-eye dogs or persons who are visually impaired--Damages

If any dog kills, wounds, or worries, or assists in killing, wounding, or worrying, any seeing-eye dog certified for use as a guide-dog for a person who is blind or visually impaired, belonging to or in the possession of any person who is blind or visually impaired and under harness or engaged in the act of guiding its owner, or if any dog assaults, bites, or otherwise injures any person who is blind or visually impaired while traveling the highway or out of the enclosure of the owner or keeper of that dog, the owner or keeper of the dog shall be liable to the person who is blind or visually impaired aggrieved for double all damages sustained, to be recovered in a civil action, with costs of suit. If afterwards this damage is done by that dog, the owner or keeper of the dog shall pay to the party aggrieved treble damages, to be recovered in the same manner, and an order shall be made by the court before whom the second recovery is made, for killing the dog. The order shall be executed by the officer charged with the execution of the order and it shall not be necessary, in order to sustain this action, to prove that the owner or keeper of this dog knew that the dog was accustomed to causing these damages.

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South Carolina

Title 47. Animals, Livestock and Poultry
Chapter 3. Dogs and Other Domestic Pets
Article 15. Protection of Guide Dogs

§ 47-3-910. Short title.

This article may be cited as “Layla's Law”.

§ 47-3-920. Definitions.

For purposes of this article:
(1) “Guide dog” means a dog that is trained for the purpose of guiding blind persons or a dog trained for the purpose of assisting hearing impaired persons.
(2) “Humane euthanasia” means the termination of a terminally ill or critically injured guide dog or service animal's life by a means that produces a rapid and minimally painful death as provided in Section 47-3-420.
(3) “Notice” means an actual verbal or written warning prescribing the behavior of another person and a request that the person stop the behavior.
(4) “Service animal” means an animal that is trained for the purposes of assisting or accommodating the sensory, mental, or physical disability of a disabled person.
(5) “Value” means the value to the guide dog or service animal user and does not refer to the cost or fair market value.

§ 47-3-930. Interference with use of a guide dog or service animal; misdemeanor.

(A) It is unlawful for a person who has received notice that his behavior is interfering with the use of a guide dog or service animal to continue with reckless disregard to interfere with the use of a guide dog or service animal by obstructing, intimidating, or jeopardizing the safety of the guide dog or service animal or its user.
(B) It is unlawful for a person with reckless disregard to allow his dog that is not contained by a fence, a leash, or another containment system to interfere with the use of a guide dog or service animal by obstructing, intimidating, or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the guide dog or service animal or its user.
(C) A person who violates subsection (A) or (B) is guilty of a misdemeanor triable in magistrate's court and, upon conviction, is subject to the maximum fines and terms of imprisonment in magistrate's court.

§ 47-3-940. Injury, disability, or death; reckless disregard; penalties.

(A) It is unlawful for a person with reckless disregard to injure, disable, or cause the death of a guide dog or service animal.
(B) It is unlawful for a person with reckless disregard to allow his dog to injure, disable, or cause the death of a guide dog or service animal.
(C) A person who violates subsection (A) or (B) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than two thousand five hundred dollars or imprisoned not more than six months, or both.

§ 47-3-950. Unauthorized control over guide dog or service animal; penalties.

(A) It is unlawful for a person to wrongfully obtain or exert unauthorized control over a guide dog or service animal with the intent to deprive the guide dog or service animal user of his guide dog or service animal.
(B) A person who violates subsection (A) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not less than two thousand dollars or imprisoned not less than one year, or both.

§ 47-3-960. Intentional injury, disability, or death; penalties.

(A) It is unlawful for a person to intentionally injure, disable, or cause the death of a guide dog or service animal, except in the case of self-defense or humane euthanasia.
(B) A person who violates subsection (A) is guilty of a misdemeanor and, upon conviction, must be fined not more than five thousand dollars or imprisoned not more than three years, or both.

§ 47-3-970. Restitution.

(A) A defendant convicted of a violation of this article may be ordered to make full restitution for damages including incidental and consequential expenses incurred by the guide dog or service animal and its user, which arise out of or are related to the criminal offense.
(B) Restitution for a conviction under this article includes, but is not limited to:
(1) the value of the replacement of an incapacitated or deceased guide dog or service animal, the training of a replacement guide dog or service animal, or retraining of the affected guide dog or service animal and related veterinary and care expenses; and
(2) medical expenses of the guide dog or service animal user, training of the guide dog or service animal user, and compensation for wages or earned income lost by the guide dog or service animal user.
(C) This article does not affect civil remedies available for conduct punishable under this article. Restitution paid pursuant to this article must be set off against damages awarded in a civil action arising out of the same conduct that resulted in the restitution payment.

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South Dakota

Title 40. Animals and Livestock (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 40-1. Cruelty, Abuse and Injury to Animals (Refs & Annos)

§ 40-1-38. Harassment of service animal accompanying disabled person prohibited

No person may maliciously beat, injure, attempt to injure, harass, intimidate, entice, distract, or otherwise interfere with any service animal accompanying a person with a disability if the service animal is being controlled by the person and the service animal is wearing a harness or other control device normally used for service animals accompanying or leading persons with disabilities. A violation of this section is a Class 2 misdemeanor.

§ 40-1-39. Rebuttable presumption of maliciousness

In a prosecution for a violation of § 40-1-38, evidence that the defendant initiated or continued conduct as described in § 40-1-38 after being requested to discontinue that conduct or similar conduct by a person with a disability being served or assisted by the service animal gives rise to a rebuttable presumption that the conduct was initiated or continued maliciously. A conviction and imposition of a sentence under §§ 40-1-38 to 40-1-40, inclusive, does not prevent a conviction and imposition of a sentence under any other applicable provision of law.

§ 40-1-40. Harassment defined--Malicious act defined

For purposes of §§ 40-1-38 to 40-1-40, inclusive, harass means to engage in any conduct directed toward a service animal that is likely to impede or interfere with the animal's performance of its duties or that places the person with a disability who is being served or assisted by the animal in danger of injury. For purposes of §§ 40-1-38 to 40-1-40, inclusive, maliciously means actions conducted with the intent to assault, beat, harass, or injure a service animal; actions conducted with the intent to impede or interfere with duties performed by a service animal; actions conducted with the intent to disturb, endanger, or cause emotional distress to a person being served or assisted by a service animal; actions conducted with knowledge that the actions will, or are likely to, harass or injure a service animal; actions conducted with knowledge that the actions will, or are likely to, impede or interfere with duties performed by a service animal; and actions conducted with the knowledge that the actions will, or are likely to, disturb, endanger, or cause emotional distress to a person with a disability being served or assisted by a service animal.

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Tennessee

Title 39. Criminal Offenses.
Chapter 14. Offenses Against Property.
Part 2. Animals.

§ 39-14-208. Injury to and value of guide dogs

A person who intentionally or knowingly unlawfully injures the guide dog of another and, thereby, permanently deprives the owner of the use of the guide dog's services commits theft of that animal and shall be punished under § 39-14-105. In determining the value of the guide dog for purposes of § 39- 14-105, the court shall consider the value of the guide dog as both the cost of the dog as well as the cost of any specialized training the guide dog received.

§ 39-14-205. Intentional killing; police dogs; justifiable killing

(a)(1)(A) It is an offense to knowingly and unlawfully kill the animal of another without the owner's effective consent.
(B) A violation of subdivision (a)(1)(A) is theft of property, graded according to the value of the animal, and punished in accordance with § 39-14-105.
(2) In determining the value of a police dog, fire dog, search and rescue dog, service animal or police horse under § 39-14-105, the court shall consider the value of the police dog, fire dog, search and rescue dog, service animal or police horse as both the cost of the animal and any specialized training the animal received.
(b) A person is justified in killing the animal of another if the person acted under a reasonable belief that the animal was creating an imminent danger of death or serious bodily injury to that person or another or an imminent danger of death to an animal owned by that person. A person is not justified in killing the animal of another if at the time of the killing the person is trespassing upon the property of the owner of the animal. The justification for killing the animal of another authorized by this subsection (b) shall not apply to a person who, while engaging in or attempting to escape from criminal conduct, kills a police dog that is acting in its official capacity. In that case the provisions of subsection (a) shall apply to the person.

Title 44. Animals and Animal Husbandry.
Chapter 17. Dogs and Cats.

§ 44-17-403. Liability for death of pet; damages; exemptions

(a)(1) If a person's pet is killed or sustains injuries which result in death caused by the unlawful and intentional, or negligent, act of another or the animal of another, the trier of fact may find the individual causing the death or the owner of the animal causing the death liable for up to five thousand dollars ($5,000) in noneconomic damages; provided, that if such death is caused by the negligent act of another, the death or fatal injury must occur on the property of the deceased pet's owner or caretaker, or while under the control and supervision of the deceased pet's owner or caretaker.
(2) If an unlawful act resulted in the death or permanent disability of a person's guide dog, then the value of the guide dog shall include, but shall not necessarily be limited to, both the cost of the guide dog as well as the cost of any specialized training the guide dog received.
(b) As used in this section, "pet" means any domesticated dog or cat normally maintained in or near the household of its owner.
(c) Limits for noneconomic damages set out in subsection (a) shall not apply to causes of action for intentional infliction of emotional distress or any other civil action other than the direct and sole loss of a pet.
(d) Noneconomic damages awarded pursuant to this section shall be limited to compensation for the loss of the reasonably expected society, companionship, love and affection of the pet.
(e) This section shall not apply to any not-for-profit entity or governmental agency, or its employees, negligently causing the death of a pet while acting on the behalf of public health or animal welfare; to any killing of a dog that has been or was killing or worrying livestock as in § 44-17-203; nor shall this section be construed to authorize any award of noneconomic damages in an action for professional negligence against a licensed veterinarian.
(f) Deleted by 2004 Pub.Acts, c. 940, § 4, eff. June 15, 2004, and 2004 Pub.Acts, c. 957, § 6, eff. June 15, 2004.

§ 44-17-404. Death of or injury to guide dogs

If a person's guide dog is killed or sustains injuries that result in death or permanent disability caused by the unlawful and intentional, or negligent, act of another or the animal of another, then the trier of fact may find the individual causing the death or the owner of the animal causing the death liable for economic damages which shall include, but shall not necessarily be limited to, both the cost of the guide dog as well as the cost of any specialized training the guide dog received.

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Texas

Penal Code (Refs & Annos)
Title 9. Offenses Against Public Order and Decency
Chapter 42. Disorderly Conduct and Related Offenses (Refs & Annos)

§ 42.091. Attack on Assistance Animal

(a) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly attacks, injures, or kills an assistance animal.
(b) A person commits an offense if the person intentionally, knowingly, or recklessly incites or permits an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor to attack, injure, or kill an assistance animal and, as a result of the person's conduct, the assistance animal is attacked, injured, or killed.
(c) An offense under this section is a:
(1) Class A misdemeanor if the actor or an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor attacks an assistance animal;
(2) state jail felony if the actor or an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor injures an assistance animal; or
(3) felony of the third degree if the actor or an animal owned by or otherwise in the custody of the actor kills an assistance animal.
(d) A court shall order a defendant convicted of an offense under Subsection (a) to make restitution to the owner of the assistance animal for:
(1) related veterinary or medical bills;
(2) the cost of:
(A) replacing the assistance animal; or
(B) retraining an injured assistance animal by an organization generally recognized by agencies involved in the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities as reputable and competent to provide special equipment for or special training to an animal to help a person with a disability; and
(3) any other expense reasonably incurred as a result of the offense.
(e) In this section:
(1) “Assistance animal” has the meaning assigned by Section 121.002, Human Resources Code.
(2) “Custody” has the meaning assigned by Section 42. 09.

Human Resources Code (Refs & Annos)
Title 8. Rights and Responsibilities of Persons with Disabilities (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 121. Participation in Social and Economic Activities (Refs & Annos)

§ 121.003. Discrimination Prohibited (Subsection J)

(j) A person may not assault, harass, interfere with, kill, or injure in any way, or attempt to assault, harass, interfere with, kill, or injure in any way, an assistance animal.

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Utah

Title 76. Utah Criminal Code
Chapter 9. Offenses Against Public Order and Decency
Part 3. Cruelty to Animals

§ 76-9-307. Injury to service animals--Penalties

(1) As used in this section:
(a) “Disability” has the same meaning as defined in Section 62A-5b-102.
(b) “Search and rescue dog” means a dog:
(i) with documented training to locate persons who are:
(A) lost, missing, or injured; or
(B) trapped under debris as the result of a natural or man-made event; and
(ii) affiliated with an established search and rescue dog organization.
(c) “Service animal” means:
(i) a service animal as defined in Section 62A-5b-102; or
(ii) a search and rescue dog.
(2) It is a class A misdemeanor for a person to knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly cause substantial bodily injury or death to a service animal.
(3) It is a class A misdemeanor for a person who owns, keeps, harbors, or exercises control over an animal to knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly fail to exercise sufficient control over the animal to prevent it from causing:
(a) any substantial bodily injury or the death of a service animal; or
(b) the service animal's subsequent inability to function as a service animal as a result of the animal's attacking, chasing, or harassing the service animal.
(4) It is a class B misdemeanor for a person to chase or harass a service animal.
(5) It is a class B misdemeanor for a person who owns, keeps, harbors, or exercises control over an animal to knowingly, intentionally, or recklessly fail to exercise sufficient control over the animal to prevent it from chasing or harassing a service animal while it is carrying out its functions as a service animal, to the extent that the animal temporarily interferes with the service animal's ability to carry out its functions.
(6)(a) A service animal is exempt from quarantine or other animal control ordinances if it bites any person while it is subject to an offense under Subsection (2), (3), (4), or (5).
(b) The owner of the service animal or the person with a disability whom the service animal serves shall make the animal available for examination at any reasonable time and shall notify the local health officer if the animal exhibits any abnormal behavior.
(7) In addition to any other penalty, a person convicted of any violation of this section is liable for restitution to the owner of the service animal or the person with a disability whom the service animal serves for the replacement, training, and veterinary costs incurred as a result of the violation of this section.
(8) If the act committed under this section amounts to an offense subject to a greater penalty under another provision of Title 76, Utah Criminal Code, than is provided under this section, this section does not prohibit prosecution and sentencing for the more serious offense.

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Vermont

TITLE THIRTEEN. Crimes and Criminal Procedure
PART 1. CRIMES
CHAPTER 8. Humane and Proper Treatment of Animals
SUBCHAPTER 1. Cruelty to Animals

§ 355. Interference with or cruelty to a guide dog

(a) As used in this section:
(1) “Custody” means the care, control, and maintenance of a dog.
(2) “Guide dog” means a dog, whose status is reasonably identifiable individually trained to do work or perform tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability for purposes of guiding an individual with impaired vision, alerting an individual with impaired hearing to the presence of people or sounds, assisting an individual during a seizure, pulling a wheelchair, retrieving items, providing physical support and assistance with balance and stability, and assisting with navigation.
(3) “Notice” means:
(A) a verbal or otherwise communicated warning regarding the behavior of another person and a request that the person stop the behavior; and
(B) a written confirmation submitted to the local law enforcement agency, either by the owner of the guide dog or another person on his or her behalf which shall include a statement that the warning and request was given and the person's telephone number.
(b) No person shall recklessly injure or cause the death of a guide dog, or recklessly permit a dog he or she owns or has custody of to injure or cause the death of a guide dog. A person who violates this subsection shall be imprisoned not more than two years or fined not more than $3,000.00, or both.
(c) No person who has received notice or has knowledge that his or her behavior, or the behavior of a dog he or she owns or has custody of; is interfering with the use of a guide dog shall recklessly continue to interfere with the use of a guide dog, or recklessly allow the dog he or she owns or has custody of to continue to interfere with the use of a guide dog, by obstructing, intimidating, or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the guide dog user or his or her guide dog. A person who violates this subsection shall be imprisoned not more than one year or fined not more than $1,000.00, or both.
(d) No person shall recklessly interfere with the use of a guide dog, or recklessly permit a dog he or she owns or has custody of to interfere with a guide dog, by obstructing, intimidating, or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the guide dog user or his or her guide dog. A person who violates this subsection commits a civil offense and shall be:
(1) for a first offense, fined not more than $100.00.
(2) for a second or subsequent offense, fined not more than $250.00.
(e) A violation of subsection (d) of this section shall constitute notice as defined in subdivision (a)(3) of this section.
(f) As provided in section 7043 of this title, restitution shall be considered by the court in any sentencing under this section if the victim has suffered any material loss. Material loss for purposes of this section means uninsured:
(1) veterinary medical expenses;
(2) costs of temporary replacement assistance services, whether provided by a person or guide dog;
(3) replacement value of an equally trained guide dog without any differentiation for the age or experience of the dog;
(4) loss of wages; and
(5) costs and expenses incurred by the person as a result of the injury to the guide dog.

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Virginia

Title 3.2. Agriculture, Animal Care, and Food (Refs & Annos)
Subtitle V. Domestic Animals
Chapter 65. Comprehensive Animal Care
Article 12. Miscellaneous Provisions

§ 3.2-6588. Intentional interference with a guide or leader dog; penalty

A. It is unlawful for a person to, without just cause, willfully impede or interfere with the duties performed by a dog if the person knows or has reason to believe the dog is a guide or leader dog. A violation of this subsection is a Class 3 misdemeanor.
B. It is unlawful for a person to, without just cause, willfully injure a dog if the person knows or has reason to believe the dog is a guide or leader dog. A violation of this subsection is a Class 1 misdemeanor. “Guide or leader dog” means a dog that: (i) serves as a dog guide for a blind person as defined in § 51.5-60 or for a person with a visual disability; (ii) serves as a listener for a deaf or hard-of-hearing person as defined in § 51.5-111; or (iii) provides support or assistance for a physically disabled or handicapped person.

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Washington

Title 9. Crimes and Punishments (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 9.91. Miscellaneous Crimes (Refs & Annos)

§ 9.91.170. Interfering with dog guide or service animal

(1)(a) Any person who has received notice that his or her behavior is interfering with the use of a dog guide or service animal who continues with reckless disregard to interfere with the use of a dog guide or service animal by obstructing, intimidating, or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the dog guide or service animal user or his or her dog guide or service animal is guilty of a misdemeanor, except as provided in (b) of this subsection.
(b) A second or subsequent violation of this subsection is a gross misdemeanor.
(2)(a) Any person who, with reckless disregard, allows his or her dog to interfere with the use of a dog guide or service animal by obstructing, intimidating, or otherwise jeopardizing the safety of the dog guide or service animal user or his or her dog guide or service animal is guilty of a misdemeanor, except as provided in (b) of this subsection.
(b) A second or subsequent violation of this subsection is a gross misdemeanor.
(3) Any person who, with reckless disregard, injures, disables, or causes the death of a dog guide or service animal is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(4) Any person who, with reckless disregard, allows his or her dog to injure, disable, or cause the death of a dog guide or service animal is guilty of a gross misdemeanor.
(5) Any person who intentionally injures, disables, or causes the death of a dog guide or service animal is guilty of a class C felony punishable according to chapter 9A.20 RCW.
(6) Any person who wrongfully obtains or exerts unauthorized control over a dog guide or service animal with the intent to deprive the dog guide or service animal user of his or her dog guide or service animal is guilty of theft in the first degree, RCW 9A.56.030.
(7)(a) In any case in which the defendant is convicted of a violation of this section, he or she shall also be ordered to make full restitution for all damages, including incidental and consequential expenses incurred by the dog guide or service animal user and the dog guide or service animal which arise out of or are related to the criminal offense.
(b) Restitution for a conviction under this section shall include, but is not limited to:
(i) The value of the replacement of an incapacitated or deceased dog guide or service animal, the training of a replacement dog guide or service animal, or retraining of the affected dog guide or service animal and all related veterinary and care expenses; and
(ii) Medical expenses of the dog guide or service animal user, training of the dog guide or service animal user, and compensation for wages or earned income lost by the dog guide or service animal user.
(8) Nothing in this section shall affect any civil remedies available for violation of this section.
(9) For purposes of this section, the following definitions apply:
(a) “Dog guide” means a dog that is trained for the purpose of guiding blind persons or a dog trained for the purpose of assisting hearing impaired persons.
(b) “Service animal” means an animal that is trained for the purposes of assisting or accommodating a disabled person's sensory, mental, or physical disability.
(c) “Notice” means a verbal or otherwise communicated warning prescribing the behavior of another person and a request that the person stop their behavior.
(d) “Value” means the value to the dog guide or service animal user and does not refer to cost or fair market value.

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Wisconsin

Crimes (Ch. 938 to 951)
Chapter 951. Crimes Against Animals

§951.097. Harassment of service dogs

(1)(a) Any person may provide notice to another person in any manner that the latter person's behavior is interfering with the use of a service dog and may request that the latter person stop engaging in that behavior.
(b) No person, after receiving a notice and request under par. (a) regarding a service dog, may do any of the following:
1. Recklessly interfere with the use of the service dog by obstructing or intimidating it or otherwise jeopardizing its safety or the safety of its user.
2. Intentionally interfere with the use of the service dog by obstructing or intimidating it or otherwise jeopardizing its safety or the safety of its user.
(2)(a) No person may recklessly allow his or her dog to interfere with the use of a service dog by obstructing or intimidating it or otherwise jeopardizing its safety or the safety of its user.
(b) No person may intentionally allow his or her dog to interfere with the use of a service dog by obstructing or intimidating it or otherwise jeopardizing its safety or the safety of its user.
(3)(a) No person may recklessly injure a service dog or recklessly allow his or her dog to injure a service dog.
(b) No person may intentionally injure a service dog or intentionally allow his or her dog to injure a service dog.
(4)(a) No person may recklessly cause the death of a service dog.
(b) No person may intentionally cause the death of a service dog.
(5) No person may take possession of or exert control over a service dog without the consent of its owner or user and with the intent to deprive another of the use of the service dog.

Crimes (Ch. 938 to 951)
Chapter 951. Crimes Against Animals

§951.18. Penalties

(2s) Any person who violates s. 951.097(1)(b)1. or (2)(a), knowing that the dog that is the victim is a service dog, is guilty of a Class B misdemeanor. Any person who violates s. 951.097(1)(b)2., (2)(b), or (3)(a), knowing that the dog that is the victim is a service dog, is guilty of a Class A misdemeanor. Any person who violates s. 951.097(3)(b) or (4)(a), knowing that the dog that is the victim is a service dog, is guilty of a Class I felony. Any person who violates s. 951.097(4)(b) or (5), knowing that the dog that is the victim is a service dog, is guilty of a Class H felony.
(3) In addition to penalties applicable to this chapter under this section, a district attorney may apply to any court of competent jurisdiction for a temporary or permanent injunction restraining any person from violating this chapter.
(4) In addition to penalties applicable to this chapter under this section:
(a)1. In this paragraph, “pecuniary loss” means any of the following:
a. All special damages, but not general damages, including the money equivalent of loss resulting from property taken, destroyed, broken, or otherwise harmed and out-of-pocket losses, such as medical expenses.
b. Reasonable out-of-pocket expenses incurred by the victim resulting from the filing of charges or cooperating in the investigation and prosecution of an offense under this chapter.
c. Expenses in keeping any animal that is involved in the crime.
d. In a case under s. 951.095 or 951.097, the value of a replacement animal, if the affected animal is incapacitated or dead; the cost of training a replacement animal; or the cost of retraining the affected animal. The court shall base any determination of the value of a replacement service dog on the value of the service dog to the user and not on its cost or fair market value.
e. In a case under s. 951.095 or 951.097, all related veterinary and care expenses.
f. In a case under s. 951.095 or 951.097, the medical expenses of the animal's user, the cost of training the animal's user, and compensation for income lost by the animal's user.
2. A sentencing court shall require a criminal violator to pay restitution to a person, including any local humane officer or society or county or municipal pound or a law enforcement officer or conservation warden, for any pecuniary loss suffered by the person as a result of the crime. This requirement applies regardless of whether the criminal violator is placed on probation under s. 973.09. If restitution is ordered, the court shall consider the financial resources and future ability of the criminal violator to pay and shall determine the method of payment. Upon the application of any interested party, the court shall schedule and hold an evidentiary hearing to determine the value of any pecuniary loss under this paragraph.
(b)1. A sentencing court may order that an animal be delivered to the local humane officer or society or the county or municipal pound or to a law enforcement officer if a person commits a crime under this chapter, the person is the owner of the animal that is involved in the crime and the court considers the order to be reasonable and appropriate. A sentencing court may order that an animal be delivered to the department of natural resources, if the animal is a wild animal that is subject to regulation under ch. 169 and the court considers the order to be reasonable and appropriate. The society, pound or, officer or department of natural resources shall release the animal to a person other than the owner or dispose of the animal in a proper and humane manner. If the animal is a dog, the release or disposal shall be in accordance with s. 173.23(1m), except that the fees under s. 173.23(1m)(a)4. do not apply if the expenses are covered under s. 173.24. If the animal is not a dog, the society, pound or officer may charge a fee for the release of the animal.
2. If the court is sentencing a person covered under s. 173.12 (3)(a) and an animal has been seized under s. 173.12, the court shall act in accordance with s. 173.12 (3).
(c) Except as provided in s. 951.08(2m), a sentencing court may order that the criminal violator may not own, possess or train any animal or type or species of animal for a period specified by the court, but not to exceed 5 years. In computing the time period, time which the person spent in actual confinement serving a sentence shall be excluded.

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Wyoming

Title 35. Public Health and Safety (Refs & Annos)
Chapter 13. Facilities in Public Buildings for Physically Handicapped
Article 2. Protection and Rights of Blind and Disabled Persons (Refs & Annos)

§ 35-13-206. Injuring or killing a service dog prohibited; penalties

(a) Any person who knowingly, willfully and without lawful cause or justification inflicts, or permits or directs any animal under his control or ownership to inflict, serious bodily harm, permanent disability or death upon any service dog as defined in W.S. 35-13-205(a)(i) is guilty of a misdemeanor punishable by imprisonment for not more than six (6) months, a fine of not more than seven hundred fifty dollars ($750.00), or both.
(b) A court shall order a defendant convicted of an offense under subsection (a) of this section to make restitution to the owner of the service dog for:
(i) Related veterinary or medical bills;
(ii) The cost of replacing the service dog or retraining an injured service dog by an organization generally recognized by agencies involved in the rehabilitation of persons with disabilities as reputable and competent to provide special equipment for or special training to an animal to help a person with a disability; and
(iii) Any other expense reasonably incurred as a result of the offense.

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